Using "zai" with verbs
|Is similar to|
|Is used for||Expressing location|
When you want to express the place in which you do something, you can use 在 (zai).
To indicate the location that a verb takes place in, 在 is used.
Subject + 在 + Location + Verb + Object
Notice that the location is placed before the verb in Chinese, whereas it appears afterwards in English. And often you need a "里" with "在"，after a thing to indicate the location.
- 我 在 上海 工作。I am working in Shanghai.
- 我 在 酒吧 喝 酒。I am drinking at the bar.
- 他 在 图书馆 看 书。He is reading in the library.
- 我 在 这 个 公司工作。 I work at this company.
- 我 周末 要 在 家 睡觉。During the weekend, I want to sleep at home.
- 不 要 在 床 上 吃 东西。need a "上" with "在" to indicate the location " on the bed". Don't eat food on the bed.
- 我 想 在 家 开 一 个 派对。I want to have a party at my home.
- 他 喜欢 在 厕所 里 抽 烟。need a "里" with "在" to indicate the location " in the bathroom".He likes to smoke while he's in the bathroom.
- 很 多 人在 地铁 里 吃 包子。need a "里" with "在" to indicate the location " in the subway". Many people eat baozi while in the subway.
- 现在 我们 在 KTV 唱 歌。Now we're at KTV singing songs.
Notice that in English we usually put the location at the end of a sentence. This is different in Chinese, as we put the location after the subject but before the verb.
Sources and further reading