Difference between revisions of "Basic comparisons with "bu bi""

 
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*你 <em>不 比</em> 别人 笨 。<span class="trans">You're as smart as other people.</span>
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*你 <em>不 比</em> 别人 笨 。<span class="pinyin">Nǐ <em>bùbǐ</em> biérén bèn.</span><span class="trans">You're as smart as other people.</span>
*他 太太 的 工资 <em>不 比</em> 他 低 。<span class="trans">His wife's salary is as high as his salary.</span>
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*他 太太 的 工资 <em>不 比</em> 他 低 。<span class="pinyin">Tā tàitài de gōngzī <em>bùbǐ</em> tā dī.</span><span class="trans">His wife's salary is as high as his salary.</span>
*上海<em>不 比</em> 纽约 便宜 。<span class="trans">It's as expensive to live in Shanghai as it is in New York .</span>
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*上海<em>不 比</em> 纽约 便宜 。<span class="pinyin">Shànghǎi <em>bùbǐ</em> Niǔyuē piányí.</span><span class="trans">It's as expensive to live in Shanghai as it is in New York .</span>
*有人 觉得 养宠物 <em>不 比</em> 养 小孩 容易 。<span class="trans">Some people think that it's not easier to have a pet than to have a baby.</span>
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*有人 觉得 养宠物 <em>不 比</em> 养 小孩 容易 。<span class="pinyin">Yǒurén juédé yǎng chǒngwù <em>bùbǐ</em> yǎng xiǎohái róngyì.</span><span class="trans">Some people think that it's not easier to have a pet than to have a baby.</span>
  
 
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*你 <em>不 比</em> 歌手 唱 得  差 。<span class="trans">You sing as well as a singer does.</span>
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*你 <em>不 比</em> 歌手 唱 得  差 。<span class="pinyin">Nǐ <em>bùbǐ</em> gēshǒu chàng dé chà.</span><span class="trans">You sing as well as a singer does.</span>
*他 算 得 <em>不 比</em> 计算机 慢 。<span class="trans">His calculation is as fast as the computer.</span>
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*他 算 得 <em>不 比</em> 计算机 慢 。<span class="pinyin">Tā suàn dé <em>bùbǐ</em> jìsuànjī màn.</span><span class="trans">His calculation is as fast as the computer.</span>
  
 
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*你 <em>没有</em> 我 聪明 。<span class="expl">I am definitely smarter than you; we're not equal in smarts.</span>
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*你 <em>没有</em> 我 聪明 。<span class="pinyin">Nǐ <em>méiyǒu</em> wǒ cōngmíng.</span><span class="expl">I am definitely smarter than you; we're not equal in smarts.</span>
*你 <em>不 比</em> 我 聪明 。<span class="expl">You're no smarter than I am, but we might be equal in smarts.</span>
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*你 <em>不 比</em> 我 聪明 。<span class="pinyin">Nǐ <em>bùbǐ</em> wǒ cōngmíng.</span><span class="expl">You're no smarter than I am, but we might be equal in smarts.</span>
  
 
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Latest revision as of 20:11, 28 June 2020

You might wonder why you have 不比 (bù bǐ) for negative comparisons when you already have 没有 (méiyǒu) for comparisons. The answer is that they're not exactly the same thing! 没有 should be your "go to word" for expressing "not as... as...," but there are cases where 不比 (in all of its subtle glory) is a better choice.

Structure

To say that something is not more adjective as another, you can use 不比 (bù bǐ). No snickering, please. This is similar to, but not exactly the same as comparing with 没有.

Noun 1 + 不比 + Noun 2 + Adj.

Examples

  • 不 比 别人 笨 。bùbǐ biérén bèn.You're as smart as other people.
  • 他 太太 的 工资 不 比 他 低 。Tā tàitài de gōngzī bùbǐ tā dī.His wife's salary is as high as his salary.
  • 上海不 比 纽约 便宜 。Shànghǎi bùbǐ Niǔyuē piányí.It's as expensive to live in Shanghai as it is in New York .
  • 有人 觉得 养宠物 不 比 养 小孩 容易 。Yǒurén juédé yǎng chǒngwù bùbǐ yǎng xiǎohái róngyì.Some people think that it's not easier to have a pet than to have a baby.

If it's about the degree of an action, use this pattern below:

A + 不比 + B + Verb + 得 + Adj.

Note that "Verb + 得" can also placed before 不比.

  • 不 比 歌手 唱 得 差 。bùbǐ gēshǒu chàng dé chà.You sing as well as a singer does.
  • 他 算 得 不 比 计算机 慢 。Tā suàn dé bùbǐ jìsuànjī màn.His calculation is as fast as the computer.

The Difference between 不比 and 没有

不比 and 没有 are not exactly the same. 没有 means "not as... as," whereas 不比 is a direct negation of , meaning "not more... than." Compare the following two English sentences:

  • You're not as smart as me. (没有)
  • You're not smarter than me. (不比)

You'd probably be more upset to hear the former from a friend than the latter. The two above sentences in Chinese are:

  • 没有 我 聪明 。méiyǒu wǒ cōngmíng.I am definitely smarter than you; we're not equal in smarts.
  • 不 比 我 聪明 。bùbǐ wǒ cōngmíng.You're no smarter than I am, but we might be equal in smarts.

See also

Sources and further reading

Books

HSK5