Difference between revisions of "Expressing "ever since" with "zicong""

 
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*<strong>从</strong> 毕业 <em>以来</em>,她 一直 在 教 汉语 。<span class="pinyin"><strong>Cóng</strong> bìyè <em>yǐlái</em>, tā yīzhí zài jiāo Hànyǔ.</span><span class="trans">She has been teaching Chinese since she graduated.</span>
 
*<strong>从</strong> 毕业 <em>以来</em>,她 一直 在 教 汉语 。<span class="pinyin"><strong>Cóng</strong> bìyè <em>yǐlái</em>, tā yīzhí zài jiāo Hànyǔ.</span><span class="trans">She has been teaching Chinese since she graduated.</span>
 
*<strong>自</strong> 改革 开放 <em>以来</em> ,中国 社会 发生 了 巨大 的 变化 。<span class="pinyin"><strong>Zì</strong> gǎigé kāifàng <em>yǐlái</em>, Zhōngguó shèhuì fāshēng le jùdà de biànhuà.</span><span class="trans">Tremendous changes have been taking place in China since the reform and opening up to the outside world.</span>
 
*<strong>自</strong> 改革 开放 <em>以来</em> ,中国 社会 发生 了 巨大 的 变化 。<span class="pinyin"><strong>Zì</strong> gǎigé kāifàng <em>yǐlái</em>, Zhōngguó shèhuì fāshēng le jùdà de biànhuà.</span><span class="trans">Tremendous changes have been taking place in China since the reform and opening up to the outside world.</span>
*<strong>自从</strong> 妹妹 出生 <em>以来</em> ,妈妈 就 更 忙 了 。<span class="pinyin"><strong>Zìcóng</strong> mèimei chūshēng <em>yǐlái</em>, māma jiù gèng máng le .</span><span class="trans">Tremendous changes have been taking place in China since the reform and opening up to the outside world.</span>
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*<strong>自从</strong> 妹妹 出生 <em>以来</em> ,妈妈 就 更 忙 了 。<span class="pinyin"><strong>Zìcóng</strong> mèimei chūshēng <em>yǐlái</em>, māma jiù gèng máng le.</span><span class="trans">Ever since my little sister was born, mom has been busier than ever.</span>
  
 
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* <em>自从</em> 来 到 湖南,我 越来越 能 吃 辣 了。<span class="pinyin"><strong>Zìcóng</strong> lái dào Húnán, wǒ yuèláiyuè néng chī là le .</span><span class="trans">Ever since arriving in Hunan, I've been more and more able to eat spicy food.</span>
 
* <em>自从</em> 来 到 湖南,我 越来越 能 吃 辣 了。<span class="pinyin"><strong>Zìcóng</strong> lái dào Húnán, wǒ yuèláiyuè néng chī là le .</span><span class="trans">Ever since arriving in Hunan, I've been more and more able to eat spicy food.</span>
* <em>自从</em> 金融 危机 爆发,就业 市场 越来越 不 景气 了。<span class="pinyin"><strong>Zìcóng</strong> ljīnróng wēijī bàofā, jiùyè shìchǎng yuèláiyuè bù jǐngqì le .</span><span class="trans">Ever since the economic crisis, the job market has been growing less and less.</span>
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* <em>自从</em> 金融 危机 爆发,就业 市场 越来越 不 景气 了 。<span class="pinyin"><strong>Zìcóng</strong> ljīnróng wēijī bàofā, jiùyè shìchǎng yuèláiyuè bù jǐngqì le .</span><span class="trans">Ever since the economic crisis, the job market has gotten worse and worse.</span>
* <em>自从</em> 他 跟 我 分手 后,他 就 没有 联系 过 我。<span class="pinyin"><strong>Zìcóng</strong> ltā gēn wǒ fēnshǒu,tā jiù méiyǒu liánxì guo wǒ.</span><span class="trans">Ever since he broke up with me, he hasn't contacted me.</span>
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* <em>自从</em> 他 跟 我 分手 后,他 就 没有 联系 过 我。<span class="pinyin"><strong>Zìcóng</strong> gēn wǒ fēnshǒu, tā jiù méiyǒu liánxì guo wǒ.</span><span class="trans">Ever since he broke up with me, he hasn't contacted me.</span>
* <em>自从</em> 用 手机 付款 后,我 很少 带 现金 出门。<span class="pinyin"><strong>Zìcóng</strong> yòng shǒujī fùkuǎn hòu, wǒ hěnshǎo dài xiànjīn chūmén .</span><span class="trans">Ever since he broke up with me, he hasn't contacted me.</span>
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* <em>自从</em> 用 手机 付款 后,我 很 少 带 现金 出门 。<span class="pinyin"><strong>Zìcóng</strong> yòng shǒujī fùkuǎn hòu, wǒ hěnshǎo dài xiànjīn chūmén .</span><span class="trans">Ever since I've started using my phone to pay for stuff, I rarely take cash when I go out.</span>
* <em>自从</em> 吵 完 架,两 个 人 再 也 没有 说 过 话。<span class="pinyin"><strong>Zìcóng</strong> chǎo wán jià, liǎng ge rén zài yě méiyǒu shuō guo huà .</span><span class="trans">Ever since he broke up with me, he hasn't contacted me.</span>
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* <em>自从</em> 吵 完 架,两 个 人 再 也 没有 说 过 话。<span class="pinyin"><strong>Zìcóng</strong> chǎo wán jià, liǎng ge rén zài yě méiyǒu shuō guo huà .</span><span class="trans">Since their fight, the two of them haven't spoken at all.</span>
  
 
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Note that 从 can be used to denote [["From… To…" with "cong… dao…"|starting points in place and time]], whereas 自从 can only be used to express starting points in time.
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Note that 从 can be used to denote [["From… To…" with "cong… dao…"|starting points in place <em>and</em> time]], whereas 自从 can only be used to express starting points in <em>time</em>.
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==

Latest revision as of 09:36, 25 March 2020

自从 means "ever since" in English, and is used to express the starting point of an action in the past. It can be followed by phrases using the markers 起 and 以后.

When you need to use 以来 in a more formal or written context, you can add 自, 从, or 自从 (or other similar words) before the time or event to make it into a "sandwich pattern."

Structure

自 / 从 / 自从 + Time / Event + 以来

Examples

  • 他 爸爸 去世 以来 ,他 一直 没 回 过 家 。Cóng tā bàba qùshì yǐlái, tā yīzhí méi huí guo jiā.He hasn't returned home since his father passed away.
  • 毕业 以来,她 一直 在 教 汉语 。Cóng bìyè yǐlái, tā yīzhí zài jiāo Hànyǔ.She has been teaching Chinese since she graduated.
  • 改革 开放 以来 ,中国 社会 发生 了 巨大 的 变化 。 gǎigé kāifàng yǐlái, Zhōngguó shèhuì fāshēng le jùdà de biànhuà.Tremendous changes have been taking place in China since the reform and opening up to the outside world.
  • 自从 妹妹 出生 以来 ,妈妈 就 更 忙 了 。Zìcóng mèimei chūshēng yǐlái, māma jiù gèng máng le.Ever since my little sister was born, mom has been busier than ever.

Structure

自从 + [Starting Point]

Examples

  • 自从 来 到 湖南,我 越来越 能 吃 辣 了。Zìcóng lái dào Húnán, wǒ yuèláiyuè néng chī là le .Ever since arriving in Hunan, I've been more and more able to eat spicy food.
  • 自从 金融 危机 爆发,就业 市场 越来越 不 景气 了 。Zìcóng ljīnróng wēijī bàofā, jiùyè shìchǎng yuèláiyuè bù jǐngqì le .Ever since the economic crisis, the job market has gotten worse and worse.
  • 自从 他 跟 我 分手 后,他 就 没有 联系 过 我。Zìcóng tā gēn wǒ fēnshǒu, tā jiù méiyǒu liánxì guo wǒ.Ever since he broke up with me, he hasn't contacted me.
  • 自从 用 手机 付款 后,我 很 少 带 现金 出门 。Zìcóng yòng shǒujī fùkuǎn hòu, wǒ hěnshǎo dài xiànjīn chūmén .Ever since I've started using my phone to pay for stuff, I rarely take cash when I go out.
  • 自从 吵 完 架,两 个 人 再 也 没有 说 过 话。Zìcóng chǎo wán jià, liǎng ge rén zài yě méiyǒu shuō guo huà .Since their fight, the two of them haven't spoken at all.

In the above examples, 从 can be used interchangeably with 自从. The main difference is that 从 can also be used to state starting points in the future, a little like "from" in English. 自从 cannot be used in this way.

  • 明天 开始,我 要 认真 看 书。Starting from tomorrow, I'm going to study seriously.
  • 自从 明天 开始,我 要 认真 看 书。

Note that 从 can be used to denote starting points in place and time, whereas 自从 can only be used to express starting points in time.

See also

Sources and further reading

Books

HSK5