Measure words with "this" and "that"

In English, when you refer to "that girl" or "this table" you only need two words: "this" or "that" plus the noun you're referring to. In Chinese, though, you also need a measure word in the middle between the two. In the very beginning you can get away with using 个 (gè) for everything, but pretty soon you're going to have to start using other measure words in these simple phrases.


If you use 这 (zhè) or 那 (nà) before a noun, you also need to include a measure word before the noun.

这 / 那 + Measure Word + Noun


Note: In this usage, the tone of 个 (gè) tends to soften, so it's represented below as a neutral tone.

  • ge rénthat person
  • zhè běn shūthis book
  • jiàn shìthat matter (in the sense of business, affair, or thing)
  • 啤酒 zhè píng píjiǔthis bottle of beer
  • 房间 ge fángjiānthat room
  • 旧 手机 zhège jiù shǒujīthis old cell phone
  • 新 电脑 tái xīn diànnǎothat new computer
  • 小猫 zhè zhī xiǎo māothat small cat
  • tiáothat river
  • 衣服 zhè jiàn yīfu this piece of clothing

See also

Sources and further reading