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Difference between revisions of "Pinyin chart"

m (Fixed some class name issues)
m (Protected "Pinyin chart" ([Edit=Allow only administrators] (indefinite) [Move=Allow only administrators] (indefinite)))
 
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<div id="table-settings"></div>
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{{#widget: Pinyin chart}}
<div style="width: 100%; overflow: auto;"><table class="pinyin-table" id="pinyin-table">
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<tr><th></th> <th class="col-a col-placeholder"><strong>-a-</strong></th> <th class="col-a" id="-a"><strong>-a</strong></th> <th class="col-a" id="-ai"><strong>-ai</strong></th> <th class="col-a" id="-ao"><strong>-ao</strong></th> <th class="col-a" id="-an"><strong>-an</strong></th> <th class="col-a" id="-ang"><strong>-ang</strong></th> <th class="col-e col-placeholder"><strong>-e-</strong></th> <th class="col-e" id="-e"><strong>-e</strong></th> <th class="col-e" id="-ei"><strong>-ei</strong></th> <th class="col-e" id="-en"><strong>-en</strong></th> <th class="col-e" id="-eng"><strong>-eng</strong></th> <th class="col-e" id="-er"><strong>-er</strong></th> <th class="col-o col-placeholder"><strong>-o-</strong></th> <th class="col-o" id="-o"><strong>-o</strong></th> <th class="col-o" id="-ou"><strong>-ou</strong></th> <th class="col-o" id="-ong"><strong>-ong</strong></th> <th class="col-i col-placeholder"><strong>-i-</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-i"><strong>-i</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-i*"><strong>-i*</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-ia"><strong>-ia</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-iao"><strong>-iao</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-ie"><strong>-ie</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-iou"><strong>-iou</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-ian"><strong>-ian</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-iang"><strong>-iang</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-in"><strong>-in</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-ing"><strong>-ing</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-iong"><strong>-iong</strong></th> <th class="col-u col-placeholder"><strong>-u-</strong></th> <th class="col-u" id="-u"><strong>-u</strong></th> <th class="col-u" id="-ua"><strong>-ua</strong></th> <th class="col-u" id="-uai"><strong>-uai</strong></th> <th class="col-u" id="-uei"><strong>-uei</strong></th> <th class="col-u" id="-uo"><strong>-uo</strong></th> <th class="col-u" id="-uan"><strong>-uan</strong></th> <th class="col-u" id="-uang"><strong>-uang</strong></th> <th class="col-u" id="-uen"><strong>-uen</strong></th> <th class="col-u" id="-ueng"><strong>-ueng</strong></th> <th class="col-v col-placeholder"><strong>-ü-</strong></th> <th class="col-v" id="-ü"><strong>-ü</strong></th> <th class="col-v" id="-üe"><strong>-üe</strong></th> <th class="col-v" id="-üan"><strong>-üan</strong></th> <th class="col-v" id="-ün"><strong>-ün</strong></th> <th></th></tr>
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<tr><th class="row-null" id="∅-"><strong>∅-</strong></th> <td class="row-null col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-null col-a" id="a"><div class="table-pinyin">[[a]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">a</div></td> <td class="row-null col-a" id="ai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[aɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ai</div></td> <td class="row-null col-a" id="ao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ao</div></td> <td class="row-null col-a" id="an"><div class="table-pinyin">[[an]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[an]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">an</div></td> <td class="row-null col-a" id="ang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ang</div></td> <td class="row-null col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-null col-e" id="e"><div class="table-pinyin">[[e]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɯ̯ʌ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄜ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">e</div></td> <td class="row-null col-e" id="ei"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ei]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[eɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ei</div></td> <td class="row-null col-e" id="en"><div class="table-pinyin">[[en]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">en</div></td> <td class="row-null col-e" id="eng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[eng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[əŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">eng</div></td> <td class="row-null col-e" id="er"><div class="table-pinyin">[[er]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɑɻ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄦ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">erh</div></td> <td class="row-null col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-null col-o" id="o"><div class="table-pinyin">[[o]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">o</div></td> <td class="row-null col-o" id="ou"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ou]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ou</div></td> <td class="row-null col-o"></td> <td class="row-null col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-null col-i" id="yi"><div class="table-pinyin">[[yi]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[i]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄧ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">i</div></td> <td class="row-null col-i"></td> <td class="row-null col-i" id="ya"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ya]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[i̯ɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄧㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ya</div></td> <td class="row-null col-i" id="yao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[yao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[i̯ɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄧㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">yao</div></td> <td class="row-null col-i" id="ye"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ye]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[iɛ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄧㄝ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">yeh</div></td> <td class="row-null col-i" id="you"><div class="table-pinyin">[[you]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[i̯ɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄧㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">yu</div></td> <td class="row-null col-i" id="yan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[yan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[iɛn]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄧㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">yan</div></td> <td class="row-null col-i" id="yang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[yang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[i̯ɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄧㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">yang</div></td> <td class="row-null col-i" id="yin"><div class="table-pinyin">[[yin]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[yin]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄧㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">yin</div></td> <td class="row-null col-i" id="ying"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ying]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[yiŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄧㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ying</div></td> <td class="row-null col-i" id="yong"><div class="table-pinyin">[[yong]]</div><div class="table-ipa"></div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄩㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">yung</div></td> <td class="row-null col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-null col-u" id="wu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[wu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[u]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">wu</div></td> <td class="row-null col-u" id="wa"><div class="table-pinyin">[[wa]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[u̯ɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄨㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">wa</div></td> <td class="row-null col-u" id="wai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[wai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[u̯aɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄨㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">wai</div></td> <td class="row-null col-u" id="wei"><div class="table-pinyin">[[wei]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[u̯eɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄨㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">wei</div></td> <td class="row-null col-u" id="wo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[wo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[u̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄨㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">wo</div></td> <td class="row-null col-u" id="wan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[wan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[u̯an]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄨㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">wan</div></td> <td class="row-null col-u" id="wang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[wang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[u̯ɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄨㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">wang</div></td> <td class="row-null col-u" id="wen"><div class="table-pinyin">[[wen]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[u̯ən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄨㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">wen</div></td> <td class="row-null col-u" id="weng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[weng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[u̯əŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄨㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">weng</div></td> <td class="row-null col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-null col-v" id="yu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[yu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[y]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄩ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">yü</div></td> <td class="row-null col-v" id="yue"><div class="table-pinyin">[[yue]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[y̯œ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄩㄝ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">yüeh</div></td> <td class="row-null col-v" id="yuan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[yuan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[y̯ɛn]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄩㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">yüan</div></td> <td class="row-null col-v" id="yun"><div class="table-pinyin">[[yun]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[yn]
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</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄩㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">yün</div></td> <th class="row-null" id="∅-"><strong>∅-</strong></th></tr>
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<tr><th class="row-bpmf" id="b-"><strong>b-</strong></th> <td class="row-bpmf col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="ba"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ba]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄅㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">pa</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="bai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[bai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[paɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄅㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">pai</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="bao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[bao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄅㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">pao</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="ban"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ban]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pan]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄅㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">pan</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="bang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[bang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄅㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">pang</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="bei"><div class="table-pinyin">[[bei]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[peɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄅㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">pei</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="ben"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ben]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄅㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">pen</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="beng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[beng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pəŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄅㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">peng</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o" id="bo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[bo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pu̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄅㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">po</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="bi"><div class="table-pinyin">[[bi]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pi]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄅㄧ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">pi</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="biao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[biao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pi̯ɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄅㄧㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">piao</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="bie"><div class="table-pinyin">[[bie]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[piɛ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄅㄧㄝ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">pieh</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="bian"><div class="table-pinyin">[[bian]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[piɛn]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄅㄧㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">pien</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="bin"><div class="table-pinyin">[[bin]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pin]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄅㄧㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">pin</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="bing"><div class="table-pinyin">[[bing]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[piŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄅㄧㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ping</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u" id="bu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[bu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pu]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄅㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">pu</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <th class="row-bpmf" id="b-"><strong>b-</strong></th></tr>
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<tr><th class="row-bpmf" id="p-"><strong>p-</strong></th> <td class="row-bpmf col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="pa"><div class="table-pinyin">[[pa]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pʰɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄆㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">p'a</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="pai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[pai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pʰaɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄆㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">p'ai</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="pao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[pao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pʰɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄆㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">p'ao</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="pan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[pan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pʰan] </div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄆㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">p'an</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="pang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[pang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pʰɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄆㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">p'ang</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="pei"><div class="table-pinyin">[[pei]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pʰeɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄆㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">p'ei</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="pen"><div class="table-pinyin">[[pen]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pʰən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄆㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">p'en</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="peng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[peng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pʰəŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄆㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">p'eng</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o" id="po"><div class="table-pinyin">[[po]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pʰu̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄆㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">p'o</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o" id="pou"><div class="table-pinyin">[[pou]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pʰɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄆㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">p'ou</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="pi"><div class="table-pinyin">[[pi]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pʰi]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄆㄧ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">p'i</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="piao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[piao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pʰi̯ɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄆㄧㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">p'iao</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="pie"><div class="table-pinyin">[[pie]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pʰiɛ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄆㄧㄝ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">p'ieh</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="pian"><div class="table-pinyin">[[pian]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pʰiɛn]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄆㄧㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">p'ien</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="min"><div class="table-pinyin">[[min]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pʰin]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄆㄧㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">p'in</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="ping"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ping]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pʰiŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄆㄧㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">p'ing</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u" id="pu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[pu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[pʰu]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄆㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">p'u</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <th class="row-bpmf" id="p-"><strong>p-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-bpmf" id="m-"><strong>m-</strong></th> <td class="row-bpmf col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="ma"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ma]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[mɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄇㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ma</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="mai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[mai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[maɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄇㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">mai</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="mao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[mao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[mɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄇㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">mao</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="man"><div class="table-pinyin">[[man]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[man]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄇㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">man</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="mang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[mang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[mɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄇㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">mang</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="me"><div class="table-pinyin">[[me]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[mɯ̯ʌ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄇㄜ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">me</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="mei"><div class="table-pinyin">[[mei]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[meɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄇㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">mei</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="men"><div class="table-pinyin">[[men]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[mən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄇㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">men</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="meng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[meng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[məŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄇㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">meng</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o" id="mo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[mo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[mu̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄇㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">mo</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o" id="mou"><div class="table-pinyin">[[mou]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[mɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄇㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">mou</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="mi"><div class="table-pinyin">[[mi]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[mi]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄇㄧ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">mi</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="miao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[miao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[mi̯ɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄇㄧㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">miao</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="mie"><div class="table-pinyin">[[mie]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[miɛ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄇㄧㄝ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">mieh</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="miu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[miu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[mi̯ɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄇㄧㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">miu</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="mian"><div class="table-pinyin">[[mian]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[miɛn]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄇㄧㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">mien</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="ming"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ming]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[miŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄇㄧㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ming</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u" id="mu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[mu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[mu]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄇㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">mu</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <th class="row-bpmf" id="m-"><strong>m-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-bpmf" id="f-"><strong>f-</strong></th> <td class="row-bpmf col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="fa"><div class="table-pinyin">[[fa]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[fɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄈㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">fa</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="fan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[fan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[fan]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄈㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">fan</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="fang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[fang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[fɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄈㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">fang</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="fei"><div class="table-pinyin">[[fei]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[feɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄈㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">fei</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="fen"><div class="table-pinyin">[[fen]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[fən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄈㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">fen</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="feng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[feng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[fəŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄈㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">feng</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o" id="fo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[fo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[fu̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄈㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">fo</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o" id="fou"><div class="table-pinyin">[[fou]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[fɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄈㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">fou</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u" id="fu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[fu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[fu]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄈㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">fu</div></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <th class="row-bpmf" id="f-"><strong>f-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-dtnl" id="d-"><strong>d-</strong></th> <td class="row-dtnl col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="da"><div class="table-pinyin">[[da]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ta</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="dai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[dai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[taɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tai</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="dao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[dao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tao</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="dan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[dan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tan]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tan</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="dang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[dang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tang</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="de"><div class="table-pinyin">[[de]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɯ̯ʌ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄜ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">te</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="dei"><div class="table-pinyin">[[dei]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[teɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tei</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="den"><div class="table-pinyin">[[den]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ten</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="deng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[deng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[təŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">teng</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o" id="dou"><div class="table-pinyin">[[dou]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tou</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o" id="dong"><div class="table-pinyin">[[dong]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʊŋ] </div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄨㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tung</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="di"><div class="table-pinyin">[[di]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ti]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄧ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ti</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="diao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[diao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ti̯ɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄧㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tiao</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="die"><div class="table-pinyin">[[die]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tiɛ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄧㄝ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tieh</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="diu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[diu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ti̯ɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄧㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tiu</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="dian"><div class="table-pinyin">[[dian]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tiɛn]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄧㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tien</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="ding"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ding]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tiŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄧㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ting</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="du"><div class="table-pinyin">[[du]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tu]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tu</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="dui"><div class="table-pinyin">[[dui]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tu̯eɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄨㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tui</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="duo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[duo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tu̯ɔ] </div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄨㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">to</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="duan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[duan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tu̯an]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄨㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tuan</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="dun"><div class="table-pinyin">[[dun]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tu̯ən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄉㄨㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tun</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <th class="row-dtnl" id="d-"><strong>d-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-dtnl" id="t-"><strong>t-</strong></th> <td class="row-dtnl col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="ta"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ta]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'a</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="tai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[tai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰaɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'ai</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="tao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[tao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'ao</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="tan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[tan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰan]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'an</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="tang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[tang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'ang</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="te"><div class="table-pinyin">[[te]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰɯ̯ʌ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄜ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'e</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="teng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[teng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰəŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'eng</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o" id="tou"><div class="table-pinyin">[[tou]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'ou</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o" id="tong"><div class="table-pinyin">[[tong]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰʊŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄨㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'ung</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="ti"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ti]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰi]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄧ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'i</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="tiao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[tiao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰi̯ɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄧㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'iao</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="tie"><div class="table-pinyin">[[tie]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰiɛ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄧㄝ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'ieh</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="tian"><div class="table-pinyin">[[tian]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰiɛn]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄧㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'ien</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="ting"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ting]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰiŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄧㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'ing</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="tu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[tu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰu]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'u</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="tui"><div class="table-pinyin">[[tui]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰu̯eɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄨㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'ui</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="tuo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[tuo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰu̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄨㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'o</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="tuan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[tuan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰu̯an]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄨㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'uan</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="tun"><div class="table-pinyin">[[tun]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʰu̯ən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄊㄨㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">t'un</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <th class="row-dtnl" id="t-"><strong>t-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-dtnl" id="n-"><strong>n-</strong></th> <td class="row-dtnl col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="na"><div class="table-pinyin">[[na]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[nɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">na</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="nai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[nai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[naɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">nai</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="nao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[nao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[nɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">nao</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="nan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[nan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[nan]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">nan</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="nang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[nang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[nɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">nang</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="ne"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ne]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[nɯ̯ʌ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄜ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ne</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="nei"><div class="table-pinyin">[[nei]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[neɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">nei</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="nen"><div class="table-pinyin">[[nen]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[nən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">nen</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="neng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[neng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[nəŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">neng</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o" id="nou"><div class="table-pinyin">[[nou]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[nɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">nou</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o" id="nong"><div class="table-pinyin">[[nong]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[nʊŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄨㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">nung</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="ni"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ni]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ni]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄧ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ni</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="niao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[niao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ni̯ɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄧㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">niao</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="nie"><div class="table-pinyin">[[nie]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[niɛ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄧㄝ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">nieh</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="niu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[niu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ni̯ɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄧㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">niu</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="nian"><div class="table-pinyin">[[nian]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[niɛn]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄧㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">nien</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="niang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[niang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ni̯ɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄧㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">niang</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="nin"><div class="table-pinyin">[[nin]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[nin]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄧㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">nin</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="ning"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ning]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[niŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄧㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ning</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="nu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[nu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[nu]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">nu</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="nuo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[nuo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[nu̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄨㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">no</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="nuan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[nuan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[nu̯an]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄨㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">nuan</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v" id="nü"><div class="table-pinyin">[[nü]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ny]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄩ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">nü</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v" id="nüe"><div class="table-pinyin">[[nüe]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ny̯œ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄋㄩㄝ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">nüeh</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <th class="row-dtnl" id="n-"><strong>n-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-dtnl" id="l-"><strong>l-</strong></th> <td class="row-dtnl col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="la"><div class="table-pinyin">[[la]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[lɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">la</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="lai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[lai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[laɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">lai</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="lao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[lao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[lɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">lao</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="lan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[lan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[lan]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">lan</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="lang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[lang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[lɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">lang</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="le"><div class="table-pinyin">[[le]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[lɯ̯ʌ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄜ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">le</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="lei"><div class="table-pinyin">[[lei]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[leɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">lei</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="leng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[leng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ləŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">leng</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o" id="lo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[lo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[lu̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">lo</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o" id="lou"><div class="table-pinyin">[[lou]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[lɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">lou</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o" id="long"><div class="table-pinyin">[[long]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[lʊŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄨㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">lung</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="li"><div class="table-pinyin">[[li]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[li]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄧ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">li</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="lia"><div class="table-pinyin">[[lia]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[li̯ɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄧㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">lia</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="liao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[liao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[li̯ɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄧㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">liao</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="lie"><div class="table-pinyin">[[lie]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[liɛ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄧㄝ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">lieh</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="liu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[liu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[li̯ɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄧㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">liu</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="lian"><div class="table-pinyin">[[lian]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[liɛn]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄧㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">lien</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="liang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[liang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[li̯ɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄧㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">liang</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="lin"><div class="table-pinyin">[[lin]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[lin]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄧㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">lin</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="ling"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ling]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[liŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄧㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ling</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="lu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[lu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[lu]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">lu</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="luo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[luo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[lu̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄨㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">lo</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="luan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[luan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[lu̯an]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄨㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">luan</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="lun"><div class="table-pinyin">[[lun]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[lu̯ən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄨㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">lun</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v" id="lü"><div class="table-pinyin">[[lü]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ly]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄩ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">lü</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v" id="lüe"><div class="table-pinyin">[[lüe]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ly̯œ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄌㄩㄝ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">lüeh</div></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <th class="row-dtnl" id="l-"><strong>l-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-zcs" id="z-"><strong>z-</strong></th> <td class="row-zcs col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="za"><div class="table-pinyin">[[za]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄗㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tsa</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="zai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsaɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄗㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tsai</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="zao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄗㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tsao</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="zan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsan]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄗㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tsan</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="zang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄗㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tsang</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-e" id="ze"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ze]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsɯ̯ʌ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄗㄜ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tse</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-e" id="zei"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zei]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tseɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄗㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tsei</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-e" id="zen"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zen]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄗㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tsen</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-e" id="zeng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zeng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsəŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄗㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tseng</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-e"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-o"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-o" id="zou"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zou]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄗㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tsou</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-o" id="zong"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zong]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsʊŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄗㄨㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tsung</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i" id="zi"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zi]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsɿ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄗ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tzu</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="zu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsu]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄗㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tsu</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="zui"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zui]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsu̯eɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄗㄨㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tsui</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="zuo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zuo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsu̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄗㄨㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tso</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="zuan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zuan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsu̯an]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄗㄨㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tsuan</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="zun"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zun]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsu̯ən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄗㄨㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tsun</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <th class="row-zcs" id="z-"><strong>z-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-zcs" id="c-"><strong>c-</strong></th> <td class="row-zcs col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="ca"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ca]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsʰɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄘㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ts'a</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="cai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[cai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsʰaɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄘㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ts'ai</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="cao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[cao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsʰɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄘㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ts'ao</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="can"><div class="table-pinyin">[[can]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsʰan]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄘㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ts'an</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="cang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[cang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsʰɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄘㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ts'ang</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-e" id="ce"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ce]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsʰɯ̯ʌ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄘㄜ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ts'e</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-e" id="cei"><div class="table-pinyin">[[cei]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsʰeɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄘㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ts'ei</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-e" id="cen"><div class="table-pinyin">[[cen]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsʰən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄘㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ts'en</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-e" id="ceng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ceng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsʰəŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄘㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ts'eng</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-e"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-o"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-o" id="cou"><div class="table-pinyin">[[cou]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsʰɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄘㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ts'ou</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-o" id="cong"><div class="table-pinyin">[[cong]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsʰʊŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄘㄨㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ts'ung</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i" id="ci"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ci]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsʰɿ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄘ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">tz'u</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="cu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[cu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsʰu]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄘㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ts'u</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="cui"><div class="table-pinyin">[[cui]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsʰu̯eɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄘㄨㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ts'ui</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="cuo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[cuo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsʰu̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄘㄨㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ts'o</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="cuan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[cuan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsʰu̯an]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄘㄨㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ts'uan</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="cun"><div class="table-pinyin">[[cun]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tsʰu̯ən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄘㄨㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ts'un</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <th class="row-zcs" id="c-"><strong>c-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-zcs" id="s-"><strong>s-</strong></th> <td class="row-zcs col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="sa"><div class="table-pinyin">[[sa]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[sɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄙㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">sa</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="sai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[sai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[saɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄙㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">sai</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="sao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[sao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[sɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄙㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">sao</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="san"><div class="table-pinyin">[[san]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[san]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄙㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">san</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="sang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[sang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[sɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄙㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">sang</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-e" id="se"><div class="table-pinyin">[[se]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[sɯ̯ʌ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄙㄜ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">se</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-e"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-e" id="sen"><div class="table-pinyin">[[sen]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[sən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄙㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">sen</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-e" id="seng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[seng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[səŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄙㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">seng</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-e"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-o"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-o" id="sou"><div class="table-pinyin">[[sou]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[sɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄙㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">sou</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-o" id="song"><div class="table-pinyin">[[song]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[sʊŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄙㄨㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">sung</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i" id="si"><div class="table-pinyin">[[si]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[sɿ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄙ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ssu</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="su"><div class="table-pinyin">[[su]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[su]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄙㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">su</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="sui"><div class="table-pinyin">[[sui]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[su̯eɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄙㄨㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">sui</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="suo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[suo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[su̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄙㄨㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">so</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="suan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[suan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[su̯an]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄙㄨㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">suan</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="sun"><div class="table-pinyin">[[sun]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[su̯ən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄙㄨㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">sun</div></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <th class="row-zcs" id="s-"><strong>s-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-zhchshr" id="zh-"><strong>zh-</strong></th> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="zha"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zha]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">cha</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="zhai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zhai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂaɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chai</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="zhao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zhao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chao</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="zhan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zhan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂan]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chan</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="zhang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zhang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chang</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="zhe"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zhe]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂɯ̯ʌ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄜ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">che</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="zhei"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zhei]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂeɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chei</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="zhen"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zhen]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chen</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="zheng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zheng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂəŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">cheng</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o" id="zhou"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zhou]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chou</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o" id="zhong"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zhong]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʊŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄨㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chung</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i" id="zhi"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zhi]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʅ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chih</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="zhu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zhu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂu]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chu</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="zhua"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zhua]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂu̯ɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄨㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chua</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="zhuai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zhuai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂu̯aɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄨㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chuai</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="zhui"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zhui]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂu̯eɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄨㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chui</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="zhuo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zhuo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂu̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄨㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">cho</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="zhuan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zhuan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂu̯an]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄨㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chuan</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="zhuang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zhuang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂ̯u̯ɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄨㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chuang</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="zhun"><div class="table-pinyin">[[zhun]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂu̯ən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄓㄨㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chun</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <th class="row-zhchshr" id="zh-"><strong>zh-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-zhchshr" id="ch-"><strong>ch-</strong></th> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="cha"><div class="table-pinyin">[[cha]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'a</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="chai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[chai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰaɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'ai</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="chao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[chao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'ao</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="chan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[chan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰan]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'an</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="chang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[chang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'ang</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="che"><div class="table-pinyin">[[che]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰɯ̯ʌ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔㄜ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'e</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="chen"><div class="table-pinyin">[[chen]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'en</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="cheng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[cheng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰəŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'eng</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o" id="chou"><div class="table-pinyin">[[chou]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'ou</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o" id="chong"><div class="table-pinyin">[[chong]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰʊŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔㄨㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'ung</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i" id="chi"><div class="table-pinyin">[[chi]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰʅ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'ih</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="chu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[chu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰu]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'u</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="chua"><div class="table-pinyin">[[chua]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰu̯ɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔㄨㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'ua</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="chuai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[chuai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰu̯aɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔㄨㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'uai</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="chui"><div class="table-pinyin">[[chui]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰu̯eɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔㄨㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'ui</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="chuo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[chuo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰu̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔㄨㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'o</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="chuan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[chuan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰu̯an]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔㄨㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'uan</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="chuang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[chuang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰu̯ɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔㄨㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'uang</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="chun"><div class="table-pinyin">[[chun]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tʂʰu̯ən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄔㄨㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'un</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <th class="row-zhchshr" id="ch-"><strong>ch-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-zhchshr" id="sh-"><strong>sh-</strong></th> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="sha"><div class="table-pinyin">[[sha]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">sha</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="shai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[shai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂaɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">shai</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="shao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[shao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">shao</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="shan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[shan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂan]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">shan</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="shang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[shang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">shang</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="she"><div class="table-pinyin">[[she]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂɯ̯ʌ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕㄜ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">she</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="shei"><div class="table-pinyin">[[shei]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂeɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">shei</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="shen"><div class="table-pinyin">[[shen]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">shen</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="sheng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[sheng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂəŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">sheng</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o" id="shou"><div class="table-pinyin">[[shou]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">shou</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i" id="shi"><div class="table-pinyin">[[shi]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂʅ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">shih</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="shu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[shu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂu]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">shu</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="shua"><div class="table-pinyin">[[shua]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂu̯ɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕㄨㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">shua</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="shuai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[shuai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂu̯aɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕㄨㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">shuai</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="shui"><div class="table-pinyin">[[shui]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂu̯eɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕㄨㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">shui</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="shuo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[shuo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂu̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕㄨㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">sho</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="shuan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[shuan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂu̯an]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕㄨㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">shuan</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="shuang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[shuang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂu̯ɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕㄨㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">shuang</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="shun"><div class="table-pinyin">[[shun]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʂu̯ən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄕㄨㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">shun</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <th class="row-zhchshr" id="sh-"><strong>sh-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-zhchshr" id="r-"><strong>r-</strong></th> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="rao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[rao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʐɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄖㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">jao</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="ran"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ran]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʐan]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄖㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">jan</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="rang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[rang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʐɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄖㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">jang</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="re"><div class="table-pinyin">[[re]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʐɯ̯ʌ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄖㄜ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">je</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="ren"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ren]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʐən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄖㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">jen</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="reng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[reng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʐəŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄖㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">jeng</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o" id="rou"><div class="table-pinyin">[[rou]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʐɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄖㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">jou</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o" id="rong"><div class="table-pinyin">[[rong]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʐʊŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄖㄨㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">jung</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i" id="ri"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ri]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʐʅ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄖ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">jih</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="ru"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ru]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʐu]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄖㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ju</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="rua"><div class="table-pinyin">[[rua]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʐu̯ɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄖㄨㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">jua</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="rui"><div class="table-pinyin">[[rui]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʐu̯eɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄖㄨㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">jui</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="ruo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ruo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʐu̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄖㄨㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">jo</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="ruan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ruan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʐu̯an]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄖㄨㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">juan</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="run"><div class="table-pinyin">[[run]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ʐu̯ən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄖㄨㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">jun</div></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <th class="row-zhchshr" id="r-"><strong>r-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-jqx" id="j-"><strong>j-</strong></th> <td class="row-jqx col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="ji"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ji]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕi]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄐㄧ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chi</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="jia"><div class="table-pinyin">[[jia]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕi̯ɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄐㄧㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chia</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="jiao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[jiao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕi̯ɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄐㄧㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chiao</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="jie"><div class="table-pinyin">[[jie]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕiɛ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄐㄧㄝ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chieh</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="jiu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[jiu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕi̯ɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄐㄧㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chiu</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="jian"><div class="table-pinyin">[[jian]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕiɛn]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄐㄧㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chien</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="jiang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[jiang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕi̯ɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄐㄧㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chiang</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="jin"><div class="table-pinyin">[[jin]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕin]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄐㄧㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chin</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="jing"><div class="table-pinyin">[[jing]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕiŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄐㄧㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ching</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="jiong"><div class="table-pinyin">[[jiong]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕi̯ʊŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄐㄩㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chiung</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="ju"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ju]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕy]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄐㄩ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chü</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="jue"><div class="table-pinyin">[[jue]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕy̯œ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄐㄩㄝ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chüeh</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="juan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[juan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕy̯ɛn]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄐㄩㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chüan</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="jun"><div class="table-pinyin">[[jun]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕyn]
+
</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄐㄩㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">chün</div></td> <th class="row-jqx" id="j-"><strong>j-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-jqx" id="q-"><strong>q-</strong></th> <td class="row-jqx col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qi"><div class="table-pinyin">[[qi]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕʰi]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄑㄧ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'i</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qia"><div class="table-pinyin">[[qia]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕʰi̯ɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄑㄧㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'ia</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qiao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[qiao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕʰi̯ɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄑㄧㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'iao</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qie"><div class="table-pinyin">[[qie]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕʰiɛ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄑㄧㄝ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'ieh</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qiu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[qiu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕʰi̯ɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄑㄧㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'iu</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qian"><div class="table-pinyin">[[qian]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕʰiɛn]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄑㄧㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'ien</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qiang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[qiang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕʰi̯ɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄑㄧㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'iang</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qin"><div class="table-pinyin">[[qin]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕʰin]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄑㄧㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'in</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qing"><div class="table-pinyin">[[qing]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕʰiŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄑㄧㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'ing</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qiong"><div class="table-pinyin">[[qiong]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕʰi̯ʊŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄑㄩㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'iung</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="qu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[qu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕʰy]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄑㄩ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'ü</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="que"><div class="table-pinyin">[[que]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕʰy̯œ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄑㄩㄝ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'üeh</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="quan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[quan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕʰy̯ɛn]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄑㄩㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'üan</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="qun"><div class="table-pinyin">[[qun]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[tɕʰyn]
+
</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄑㄩㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ch'ün</div></td> <th class="row-jqx" id="q-"><strong>q-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-jqx" id="x-"><strong>x-</strong></th> <td class="row-jqx col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xi"><div class="table-pinyin">[[xi]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɕi]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄒㄧ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">his</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xia"><div class="table-pinyin">[[xia]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɕi̯ɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄒㄧㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hsia</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xiao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[xiao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɕi̯ɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄒㄧㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hsiao</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xie"><div class="table-pinyin">[[xie]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɕiɛ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄒㄧㄝ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hsieh</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xiu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[xiu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɕi̯ɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄒㄧㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hsiu</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xian"><div class="table-pinyin">[[xian]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɕiɛn]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄒㄧㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hsien</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xiang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[xiang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɕi̯ɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄒㄧㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hsiang</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xin"><div class="table-pinyin">[[xin]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɕin]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄒㄧㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hsin</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xing"><div class="table-pinyin">[[xing]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɕiŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄒㄧㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hsing</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xiong"><div class="table-pinyin">[[xiong]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɕi̯ʊŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄒㄩㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hsiung</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="xu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[xu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɕy]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄒㄩ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hsü</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="xue"><div class="table-pinyin">[[xue]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɕy̯œ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄒㄩㄝ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hsüeh</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="xuan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[xuan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɕy̯ɛn]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄒㄩㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hsüan</div></td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="xun"><div class="table-pinyin">[[xun]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ɕyn]
+
</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄒㄩㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hsün</div></td> <th class="row-jqx" id="x-"><strong>x-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-gkh" id="g-"><strong>g-</strong></th> <td class="row-gkh col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="ga"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ga]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ka</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="gai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[gai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kaɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">kai</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="gao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[gao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">kao</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="gan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[gan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kan]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">kan</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="gang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[gang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">kang</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="ge"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ge]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kɯ̯ʌ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄜ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ke</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="gei"><div class="table-pinyin">[[gei]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[keɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">kei</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="gen"><div class="table-pinyin">[[gen]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ken</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="geng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[geng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kəŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">keng</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-e"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-o"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-o" id="gou"><div class="table-pinyin">[[gou]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">kou</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-o" id="gong"><div class="table-pinyin">[[gong]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʊŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄨㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">kung</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="gu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[gu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ku]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ku</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="gua"><div class="table-pinyin">[[gua]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ku̯ɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄨㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">kua</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="guai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[guai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ku̯aɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄨㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">kuai</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="gui"><div class="table-pinyin">[[gui]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ku̯eɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄨㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">kui</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="guo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[guo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ku̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄨㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ko</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="guan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[guan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ku̯an]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄨㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">kuan</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="guang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[guang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ku̯ɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄨㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">kuang</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="gun"><div class="table-pinyin">[[gun]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[ku̯ən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄍㄨㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">kun</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <th class="row-gkh" id="g-"><strong>g-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-gkh" id="k-"><strong>k-</strong></th> <td class="row-gkh col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="ka"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ka]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'a</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="kai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[kai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰaɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'ai</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="kao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[kao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'ao</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="kan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[kan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰan]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'an</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="kang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[kang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'ang</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="ke"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ke]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰɯ̯ʌ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄜ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'e</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="kei"><div class="table-pinyin">[[kei]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰeɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'ei</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="ken"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ken]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'en</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="keng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[keng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰəŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'eng</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-e"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-o"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-o" id="kou"><div class="table-pinyin">[[kou]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'ou</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-o" id="kong"><div class="table-pinyin">[[kong]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰʊŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄨㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'ung</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="ku"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ku]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰu]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'u</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="kua"><div class="table-pinyin">[[kua]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰu̯ɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄨㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'ua</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="kuai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[kuai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰu̯aɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄨㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'uai</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="kui"><div class="table-pinyin">[[kui]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰu̯eɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄨㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'ui</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="kuo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[kuo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰu̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄨㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'o</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="kuan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[kuan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰu̯an]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄨㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'uan</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="kuang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[kuang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰu̯ɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄨㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'uang</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="kun"><div class="table-pinyin">[[kun]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[kʰu̯ən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄎㄨㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">k'un</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <th class="row-gkh" id="k-"><strong>k-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th class="row-gkh" id="h-"><strong>h-</strong></th> <td class="row-gkh col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="ha"><div class="table-pinyin">[[ha]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ha</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="hai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[hai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xaɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hai</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="hao"><div class="table-pinyin">[[hao]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xɑʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄠ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hao</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="han"><div class="table-pinyin">[[han]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xan]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">han</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="hang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[hang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hang</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="he"><div class="table-pinyin">[[he]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xɯ̯ʌ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄜ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">he</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="hei"><div class="table-pinyin">[[hei]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xeɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hei</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="hen"><div class="table-pinyin">[[hen]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hen</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="heng"><div class="table-pinyin">[[heng]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xəŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">heng</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-e"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-o"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-o" id="hou"><div class="table-pinyin">[[hou]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xɤʊ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄡ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hou</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-o" id="hong"><div class="table-pinyin">[[hong]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xʊŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄨㄥ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hung</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="hu"><div class="table-pinyin">[[hu]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xu]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄨ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hu</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="hua"><div class="table-pinyin">[[hua]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xu̯ɑ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄨㄚ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hua</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="huai"><div class="table-pinyin">[[huai]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xu̯aɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄨㄞ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">huai</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="hui"><div class="table-pinyin">[[hui]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xu̯eɪ̯]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄨㄟ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hui</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="huo"><div class="table-pinyin">[[huo]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xu̯ɔ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄨㄛ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">ho</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="huan"><div class="table-pinyin">[[huan]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xu̯an]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄨㄢ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">huan</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="huang"><div class="table-pinyin">[[huang]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xu̯ɑŋ]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄨㄤ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">huang</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="hun"><div class="table-pinyin">[[hun]]</div><div class="table-ipa">[xu̯ən]</div><div class="table-zhuyin">ㄏㄨㄣ</div><div class="table-wade-giles">hun</div></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <th class="row-gkh" id="h-"><strong>h-</strong></th></tr>
+
<tr><th></th> <th class="col-a col-placeholder"><strong>-a-</strong></th> <th class="col-a" id="-a"><strong>-a</strong></th> <th class="col-a" id="-ai"><strong>-ai</strong></th> <th class="col-a" id="-ao"><strong>-ao</strong></th> <th class="col-a" id="-an"><strong>-an</strong></th> <th class="col-a" id="-ang"><strong>-ang</strong></th> <th class="col-e col-placeholder"><strong>-e-</strong></th> <th class="col-e" id="-e"><strong>-e</strong></th> <th class="col-e" id="-ei"><strong>-ei</strong></th> <th class="col-e" id="-en"><strong>-en</strong></th> <th class="col-e" id="-eng"><strong>-eng</strong></th> <th class="col-e" id="-er"><strong>-er</strong></th> <th class="col-o col-placeholder"><strong>-o-</strong></th> <th class="col-o" id="-o"><strong>-o</strong></th> <th class="col-o" id="-ou"><strong>-ou</strong></th> <th class="col-o" id="-ong"><strong>-ong</strong></th> <th class="col-i col-placeholder"><strong>-i-</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-i"><strong>-i</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-i*"><strong>-i*</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-ia"><strong>-ia</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-iao"><strong>-iao</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-ie"><strong>-ie</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-iou"><strong>-iou</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-ian"><strong>-ian</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-iang"><strong>-iang</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-in"><strong>-in</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-ing"><strong>-ing</strong></th> <th class="col-i" id="-iong"><strong>-iong</strong></th> <th class="col-u col-placeholder"><strong>-u-</strong></th> <th class="col-u" id="-u"><strong>-u</strong></th> <th class="col-u" id="-ua"><strong>-ua</strong></th> <th class="col-u" id="-uai"><strong>-uai</strong></th> <th class="col-u" id="-uei"><strong>-uei</strong></th> <th class="col-u" id="-uo"><strong>-uo</strong></th> <th class="col-u" id="-uan"><strong>-uan</strong></th> <th class="col-u" id="-uang"><strong>-uang</strong></th> <th class="col-u" id="-uen"><strong>-uen</strong></th> <th class="col-u" id="-ueng"><strong>-ueng</strong></th> <th class="col-v col-placeholder"><strong>-ü-</strong></th> <th class="col-v" id="-ü"><strong>-ü</strong></th> <th class="col-v" id="-üe"><strong>-üe</strong></th> <th class="col-v" id="-üan"><strong>-üan</strong></th> <th class="col-v" id="-ün"><strong>-ün</strong></th> <th></th></tr>
+
  
</table></div>
+
==Other Online Interactive Pinyin Charts==
 +
 
 +
* [https://chinese.yabla.com/chinese-pinyin-chart.php Yabla Chinese Pinyin Chart with Audio]
 +
* [http://pinpinchinese.com/pinyin-chart-online/ Pin Pin Chinese Pinyin Chart]
 +
* [http://www.yoyochinese.com/chinese-learning-tools/Mandarin-Chinese-pronunciation-lesson/pinyin-chart-table Yoyo Chinese Pinyin Chart]
 +
* [http://lost-theory.org/chinese/phonetics/ Mandarin Chinese Phonetics Table]
 +
* [http://talkbank.org/pinyin/Trad_chart_IPA.php Traditional Pinyin Chart in IPA]
 +
 
 +
==Free Pinyin Chart Apps==
 +
 
 +
* [http://www.allsetlearning.com/products/allset-learning-pinyin/ AllSet Learning Pinyin] (iOS)
 +
* [http://pinpinchinese.com/ Pin Pin Pinyin Chart] (iOS, Android)
 +
* [http://chinesepod.com/tools/pronunciation ChinesePod Pinyin App] (iOS, Android)
 +
 
 +
==Instructional Pinyin Videos==
 +
 
 +
* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VwyQK62tO_U Mandarin Chinese Pinyin Pronunciation (Better Chinese)]
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Pinyin]]
 +
{{Basic Pronunciation|A1|20|Learn all the sounds and individual syllables that make up all the words in Mandarin Chinese.|pinyin|ASP00001}}
 +
{{Related|Pinyin quick start guide}}
 +
{{Related|Pinyin gotchas}}

Latest revision as of 01:28, 23 January 2017

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Show Text: IPA Zhuyin Wade-Giles

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-a- -a -ai -ao -an -ang -e- -e -ei -en -eng -er -o- -o -ou -ong -i- -i -i* -ia -iao -ie -iou -ian -iang -in -ing -iong -u- -u -ua -uai -uei -uo -uan -uang -uen -ueng -ü- -üe -üan -ün
∅-
a
[ɑ]
a
ai
[aɪ̯]
ai
ao
[ɑʊ̯]
ao
an
[an]
an
ang
[ɑŋ]
ang
e
[ɯ̯ʌ]
e
ei
[eɪ̯]
ei
en
[ən]
en
eng
[əŋ]
eng
er
[ɑɻ]
erh
o
[ɔ]
o
ou
[ɤʊ̯]
ou
yi
[i]
i
ya
[i̯ɑ]
ㄧㄚ
ya
yao
[i̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄧㄠ
yao
ye
[iɛ]
ㄧㄝ
yeh
you
[i̯ɤʊ̯]
ㄧㄡ
yu
yan
[iɛn]
ㄧㄢ
yan
yang
[i̯ɑŋ]
ㄧㄤ
yang
yin
[in]
ㄧㄣ
yin
ying
[iŋ]
ㄧㄥ
ying
yong
ㄩㄥ
yung
wu
[u]
wu
wa
[u̯ɑ]
ㄨㄚ
wa
wai
[u̯aɪ̯]
ㄨㄞ
wai
wei
[u̯eɪ̯]
ㄨㄟ
wei
wo
[u̯ɔ]
ㄨㄛ
wo
wan
[u̯an]
ㄨㄢ
wan
wang
[u̯ɑŋ]
ㄨㄤ
wang
wen
[u̯ən]
ㄨㄣ
wen
weng
[u̯əŋ]
ㄨㄥ
weng
yu
[y]
yue
[y̯œ]
ㄩㄝ
yüeh
yuan
[y̯ɛn]
ㄩㄢ
yüan
yun
[yn]
ㄩㄣ
yün
∅-
b-
ba
[pɑ]
ㄅㄚ
pa
bai
[paɪ̯]
ㄅㄞ
pai
bao
[pɑʊ̯]
ㄅㄠ
pao
ban
[pan]
ㄅㄢ
pan
bang
[pɑŋ]
ㄅㄤ
pang
bei
[peɪ̯]
ㄅㄟ
pei
ben
[pən]
ㄅㄣ
pen
beng
[pəŋ]
ㄅㄥ
peng
bo
[pu̯ɔ]
ㄅㄛ
po
bi
[pi]
ㄅㄧ
pi
biao
[pi̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄅㄧㄠ
piao
bie
[piɛ]
ㄅㄧㄝ
pieh
bian
[piɛn]
ㄅㄧㄢ
pien
bin
[pin]
ㄅㄧㄣ
pin
bing
[piŋ]
ㄅㄧㄥ
ping
bu
[pu]
ㄅㄨ
pu
b-
p-
pa
[pʰɑ]
ㄆㄚ
p'a
pai
[pʰaɪ̯]
ㄆㄞ
p'ai
pao
[pʰɑʊ̯]
ㄆㄠ
p'ao
pan
[pʰan]
ㄆㄢ
p'an
pang
[pʰɑŋ]
ㄆㄤ
p'ang
pei
[pʰeɪ̯]
ㄆㄟ
p'ei
pen
[pʰən]
ㄆㄣ
p'en
peng
[pʰəŋ]
ㄆㄥ
p'eng
po
[pʰu̯ɔ]
ㄆㄛ
p'o
pou
[pʰɤʊ̯]
ㄆㄡ
p'ou
pi
[pʰi]
ㄆㄧ
p'i
piao
[pʰi̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄆㄧㄠ
p'iao
pie
[pʰiɛ]
ㄆㄧㄝ
p'ieh
pian
[pʰiɛn]
ㄆㄧㄢ
p'ien
pin
[pʰin]
ㄆㄧㄣ
p'in
ping
[pʰiŋ]
ㄆㄧㄥ
p'ing
pu
[pʰu]
ㄆㄨ
p'u
p-
m-
ma
[mɑ]
ㄇㄚ
ma
mai
[maɪ̯]
ㄇㄞ
mai
mao
[mɑʊ̯]
ㄇㄠ
mao
man
[man]
ㄇㄢ
man
mang
[mɑŋ]
ㄇㄤ
mang
me
[mɯ̯ʌ]
ㄇㄜ
me
mei
[meɪ̯]
ㄇㄟ
mei
men
[mən]
ㄇㄣ
men
meng
[məŋ]
ㄇㄥ
meng
mo
[mu̯ɔ]
ㄇㄛ
mo
mou
[mɤʊ̯]
ㄇㄡ
mou
mi
[mi]
ㄇㄧ
mi
miao
[mi̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄇㄧㄠ
miao
mie
[miɛ]
ㄇㄧㄝ
mieh
miu
[mi̯ɤʊ̯]
ㄇㄧㄡ
miu
mian
[miɛn]
ㄇㄧㄢ
mien
min
[min]
ㄇㄧㄣ
min
ming
[miŋ]
ㄇㄧㄥ
ming
mu
[mu]
ㄇㄨ
mu
m-
f-
fa
[fɑ]
ㄈㄚ
fa
fan
[fan]
ㄈㄢ
fan
fang
[fɑŋ]
ㄈㄤ
fang
fei
[feɪ̯]
ㄈㄟ
fei
fen
[fən]
ㄈㄣ
fen
feng
[fəŋ]
ㄈㄥ
feng
fo
[fu̯ɔ]
ㄈㄛ
fo
fou
[fɤʊ̯]
ㄈㄡ
fou
fu
[fu]
ㄈㄨ
fu
f-
d-
da
[tɑ]
ㄉㄚ
ta
dai
[taɪ̯]
ㄉㄞ
tai
dao
[tɑʊ̯]
ㄉㄠ
tao
dan
[tan]
ㄉㄢ
tan
dang
[tɑŋ]
ㄉㄤ
tang
de
[tɯ̯ʌ]
ㄉㄜ
te
dei
[teɪ̯]
ㄉㄟ
tei
den
[tən]
ㄉㄣ
ten
deng
[təŋ]
ㄉㄥ
teng
dou
[tɤʊ̯]
ㄉㄡ
tou
dong
[tʊŋ]
ㄉㄨㄥ
tung
di
[ti]
ㄉㄧ
ti
diao
[ti̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄉㄧㄠ
tiao
die
[tiɛ]
ㄉㄧㄝ
tieh
diu
[ti̯ɤʊ̯]
ㄉㄧㄡ
tiu
dian
[tiɛn]
ㄉㄧㄢ
tien
ding
[tiŋ]
ㄉㄧㄥ
ting
du
[tu]
ㄉㄨ
tu
dui
[tu̯eɪ̯]
ㄉㄨㄟ
tui
duo
[tu̯ɔ]
ㄉㄨㄛ
to
duan
[tu̯an]
ㄉㄨㄢ
tuan
dun
[tu̯ən]
ㄉㄨㄣ
tun
d-
t-
ta
[tʰɑ]
ㄊㄚ
t'a
tai
[tʰaɪ̯]
ㄊㄞ
t'ai
tao
[tʰɑʊ̯]
ㄊㄠ
t'ao
tan
[tʰan]
ㄊㄢ
t'an
tang
[tʰɑŋ]
ㄊㄤ
t'ang
te
[tʰɯ̯ʌ]
ㄊㄜ
t'e
teng
[tʰəŋ]
ㄊㄥ
t'eng
tou
[tʰɤʊ̯]
ㄊㄡ
t'ou
tong
[tʰʊŋ]
ㄊㄨㄥ
t'ung
ti
[tʰi]
ㄊㄧ
t'i
tiao
[tʰi̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄊㄧㄠ
t'iao
tie
[tʰiɛ]
ㄊㄧㄝ
t'ieh
tian
[tʰiɛn]
ㄊㄧㄢ
t'ien
ting
[tʰiŋ]
ㄊㄧㄥ
t'ing
tu
[tʰu]
ㄊㄨ
t'u
tui
[tʰu̯eɪ̯]
ㄊㄨㄟ
t'ui
tuo
[tʰu̯ɔ]
ㄊㄨㄛ
t'o
tuan
[tʰu̯an]
ㄊㄨㄢ
t'uan
tun
[tʰu̯ən]
ㄊㄨㄣ
t'un
t-
n-
na
[nɑ]
ㄋㄚ
na
nai
[naɪ̯]
ㄋㄞ
nai
nao
[nɑʊ̯]
ㄋㄠ
nao
nan
[nan]
ㄋㄢ
nan
nang
[nɑŋ]
ㄋㄤ
nang
ne
[nɯ̯ʌ]
ㄋㄜ
ne
nei
[neɪ̯]
ㄋㄟ
nei
nen
[nən]
ㄋㄣ
nen
neng
[nəŋ]
ㄋㄥ
neng
nou
[nɤʊ̯]
ㄋㄡ
nou
nong
[nʊŋ]
ㄋㄨㄥ
nung
ni
[ni]
ㄋㄧ
ni
niao
[ni̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄋㄧㄠ
niao
nie
[niɛ]
ㄋㄧㄝ
nieh
niu
[ni̯ɤʊ̯]
ㄋㄧㄡ
niu
nian
[niɛn]
ㄋㄧㄢ
nien
niang
[ni̯ɑŋ]
ㄋㄧㄤ
niang
nin
[nin]
ㄋㄧㄣ
nin
ning
[niŋ]
ㄋㄧㄥ
ning
nu
[nu]
ㄋㄨ
nu
nuo
[nu̯ɔ]
ㄋㄨㄛ
no
nuan
[nu̯an]
ㄋㄨㄢ
nuan
[ny]
ㄋㄩ
nüe
[ny̯œ]
ㄋㄩㄝ
nüeh
n-
l-
la
[lɑ]
ㄌㄚ
la
lai
[laɪ̯]
ㄌㄞ
lai
lao
[lɑʊ̯]
ㄌㄠ
lao
lan
[lan]
ㄌㄢ
lan
lang
[lɑŋ]
ㄌㄤ
lang
le
[lɯ̯ʌ]
ㄌㄜ
le
lei
[leɪ̯]
ㄌㄟ
lei
leng
[ləŋ]
ㄌㄥ
leng
lo
[lu̯ɔ]
ㄌㄛ
lo
lou
[lɤʊ̯]
ㄌㄡ
lou
long
[lʊŋ]
ㄌㄨㄥ
lung
li
[li]
ㄌㄧ
li
lia
[li̯ɑ]
ㄌㄧㄚ
lia
liao
[li̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄌㄧㄠ
liao
lie
[liɛ]
ㄌㄧㄝ
lieh
liu
[li̯ɤʊ̯]
ㄌㄧㄡ
liu
lian
[liɛn]
ㄌㄧㄢ
lien
liang
[li̯ɑŋ]
ㄌㄧㄤ
liang
lin
[lin]
ㄌㄧㄣ
lin
ling
[liŋ]
ㄌㄧㄥ
ling
lu
[lu]
ㄌㄨ
lu
luo
[lu̯ɔ]
ㄌㄨㄛ
lo
luan
[lu̯an]
ㄌㄨㄢ
luan
lun
[lu̯ən]
ㄌㄨㄣ
lun
[ly]
ㄌㄩ
lüe
[ly̯œ]
ㄌㄩㄝ
lüeh
l-
z-
za
[tsɑ]
ㄗㄚ
tsa
zai
[tsaɪ̯]
ㄗㄞ
tsai
zao
[tsɑʊ̯]
ㄗㄠ
tsao
zan
[tsan]
ㄗㄢ
tsan
zang
[tsɑŋ]
ㄗㄤ
tsang
ze
[tsɯ̯ʌ]
ㄗㄜ
tse
zei
[tseɪ̯]
ㄗㄟ
tsei
zen
[tsən]
ㄗㄣ
tsen
zeng
[tsəŋ]
ㄗㄥ
tseng
zou
[tsɤʊ̯]
ㄗㄡ
tsou
zong
[tsʊŋ]
ㄗㄨㄥ
tsung
zi
[tsɿ]
tzu
zu
[tsu]
ㄗㄨ
tsu
zui
[tsu̯eɪ̯]
ㄗㄨㄟ
tsui
zuo
[tsu̯ɔ]
ㄗㄨㄛ
tso
zuan
[tsu̯an]
ㄗㄨㄢ
tsuan
zun
[tsu̯ən]
ㄗㄨㄣ
tsun
z-
c-
ca
[tsʰɑ]
ㄘㄚ
ts'a
cai
[tsʰaɪ̯]
ㄘㄞ
ts'ai
cao
[tsʰɑʊ̯]
ㄘㄠ
ts'ao
can
[tsʰan]
ㄘㄢ
ts'an
cang
[tsʰɑŋ]
ㄘㄤ
ts'ang
ce
[tsʰɯ̯ʌ]
ㄘㄜ
ts'e
cei
[tsʰeɪ̯]
ㄘㄟ
ts'ei
cen
[tsʰən]
ㄘㄣ
ts'en
ceng
[tsʰəŋ]
ㄘㄥ
ts'eng
cou
[tsʰɤʊ̯]
ㄘㄡ
ts'ou
cong
[tsʰʊŋ]
ㄘㄨㄥ
ts'ung
ci
[tsʰɿ]
tz'u
cu
[tsʰu]
ㄘㄨ
ts'u
cui
[tsʰu̯eɪ̯]
ㄘㄨㄟ
ts'ui
cuo
[tsʰu̯ɔ]
ㄘㄨㄛ
ts'o
cuan
[tsʰu̯an]
ㄘㄨㄢ
ts'uan
cun
[tsʰu̯ən]
ㄘㄨㄣ
ts'un
c-
s-
sa
[sɑ]
ㄙㄚ
sa
sai
[saɪ̯]
ㄙㄞ
sai
sao
[sɑʊ̯]
ㄙㄠ
sao
san
[san]
ㄙㄢ
san
sang
[sɑŋ]
ㄙㄤ
sang
se
[sɯ̯ʌ]
ㄙㄜ
se
sen
[sən]
ㄙㄣ
sen
seng
[səŋ]
ㄙㄥ
seng
sou
[sɤʊ̯]
ㄙㄡ
sou
song
[sʊŋ]
ㄙㄨㄥ
sung
si
[sɿ]
ssu
su
[su]
ㄙㄨ
su
sui
[su̯eɪ̯]
ㄙㄨㄟ
sui
suo
[su̯ɔ]
ㄙㄨㄛ
so
suan
[su̯an]
ㄙㄨㄢ
suan
sun
[su̯ən]
ㄙㄨㄣ
sun
s-
zh-
zha
[tʂɑ]
ㄓㄚ
cha
zhai
[tʂaɪ̯]
ㄓㄞ
chai
zhao
[tʂɑʊ̯]
ㄓㄠ
chao
zhan
[tʂan]
ㄓㄢ
chan
zhang
[tʂɑŋ]
ㄓㄤ
chang
zhe
[tʂɯ̯ʌ]
ㄓㄜ
che
zhei
[tʂeɪ̯]
ㄓㄟ
chei
zhen
[tʂən]
ㄓㄣ
chen
zheng
[tʂəŋ]
ㄓㄥ
cheng
zhou
[tʂɤʊ̯]
ㄓㄡ
chou
zhong
[tʂʊŋ]
ㄓㄨㄥ
chung
zhi
[tʂʅ]
chih
zhu
[tʂu]
ㄓㄨ
chu
zhua
[tʂu̯ɑ]
ㄓㄨㄚ
chua
zhuai
[tʂu̯aɪ̯]
ㄓㄨㄞ
chuai
zhui
[tʂu̯eɪ̯]
ㄓㄨㄟ
chui
zhuo
[tʂu̯ɔ]
ㄓㄨㄛ
cho
zhuan
[tʂu̯an]
ㄓㄨㄢ
chuan
zhuang
[tʂ̯u̯ɑŋ]
ㄓㄨㄤ
chuang
zhun
[tʂu̯ən]
ㄓㄨㄣ
chun
zh-
ch-
cha
[tʂʰɑ]
ㄔㄚ
ch'a
chai
[tʂʰaɪ̯]
ㄔㄞ
ch'ai
chao
[tʂʰɑʊ̯]
ㄔㄠ
ch'ao
chan
[tʂʰan]
ㄔㄢ
ch'an
chang
[tʂʰɑŋ]
ㄔㄤ
ch'ang
che
[tʂʰɯ̯ʌ]
ㄔㄜ
ch'e
chen
[tʂʰən]
ㄔㄣ
ch'en
cheng
[tʂʰəŋ]
ㄔㄥ
ch'eng
chou
[tʂʰɤʊ̯]
ㄔㄡ
ch'ou
chong
[tʂʰʊŋ]
ㄔㄨㄥ
ch'ung
chi
[tʂʰʅ]
ch'ih
chu
[tʂʰu]
ㄔㄨ
ch'u
chua
[tʂʰu̯ɑ]
ㄔㄨㄚ
ch'ua
chuai
[tʂʰu̯aɪ̯]
ㄔㄨㄞ
ch'uai
chui
[tʂʰu̯eɪ̯]
ㄔㄨㄟ
ch'ui
chuo
[tʂʰu̯ɔ]
ㄔㄨㄛ
ch'o
chuan
[tʂʰu̯an]
ㄔㄨㄢ
ch'uan
chuang
[tʂʰu̯ɑŋ]
ㄔㄨㄤ
ch'uang
chun
[tʂʰu̯ən]
ㄔㄨㄣ
ch'un
ch-
sh-
sha
[ʂɑ]
ㄕㄚ
sha
shai
[ʂaɪ̯]
ㄕㄞ
shai
shao
[ʂɑʊ̯]
ㄕㄠ
shao
shan
[ʂan]
ㄕㄢ
shan
shang
[ʂɑŋ]
ㄕㄤ
shang
she
[ʂɯ̯ʌ]
ㄕㄜ
she
shei
[ʂeɪ̯]
ㄕㄟ
shei
shen
[ʂən]
ㄕㄣ
shen
sheng
[ʂəŋ]
ㄕㄥ
sheng
shou
[ʂɤʊ̯]
ㄕㄡ
shou
shi
[ʂʅ]
shih
shu
[ʂu]
ㄕㄨ
shu
shua
[ʂu̯ɑ]
ㄕㄨㄚ
shua
shuai
[ʂu̯aɪ̯]
ㄕㄨㄞ
shuai
shui
[ʂu̯eɪ̯]
ㄕㄨㄟ
shui
shuo
[ʂu̯ɔ]
ㄕㄨㄛ
sho
shuan
[ʂu̯an]
ㄕㄨㄢ
shuan
shuang
[ʂu̯ɑŋ]
ㄕㄨㄤ
shuang
shun
[ʂu̯ən]
ㄕㄨㄣ
shun
sh-
r-
rao
[ʐɑʊ̯]
ㄖㄠ
jao
ran
[ʐan]
ㄖㄢ
jan
rang
[ʐɑŋ]
ㄖㄤ
jang
re
[ʐɯ̯ʌ]
ㄖㄜ
je
ren
[ʐən]
ㄖㄣ
jen
reng
[ʐəŋ]
ㄖㄥ
jeng
rou
[ʐɤʊ̯]
ㄖㄡ
jou
rong
[ʐʊŋ]
ㄖㄨㄥ
jung
ri
[ʐʅ]
jih
ru
[ʐu]
ㄖㄨ
ju
rua
[ʐu̯ɑ]
ㄖㄨㄚ
jua
rui
[ʐu̯eɪ̯]
ㄖㄨㄟ
jui
ruo
[ʐu̯ɔ]
ㄖㄨㄛ
jo
ruan
[ʐu̯an]
ㄖㄨㄢ
juan
run
[ʐu̯ən]
ㄖㄨㄣ
jun
r-
j-
ji
[tɕi]
ㄐㄧ
chi
jia
[tɕi̯ɑ]
ㄐㄧㄚ
chia
jiao
[tɕi̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄐㄧㄠ
chiao
jie
[tɕiɛ]
ㄐㄧㄝ
chieh
jiu
[tɕi̯ɤʊ̯]
ㄐㄧㄡ
chiu
jian
[tɕiɛn]
ㄐㄧㄢ
chien
jiang
[tɕi̯ɑŋ]
ㄐㄧㄤ
chiang
jin
[tɕin]
ㄐㄧㄣ
chin
jing
[tɕiŋ]
ㄐㄧㄥ
ching
jiong
[tɕi̯ʊŋ]
ㄐㄩㄥ
chiung
ju
[tɕy]
ㄐㄩ
chü
jue
[tɕy̯œ]
ㄐㄩㄝ
chüeh
juan
[tɕy̯ɛn]
ㄐㄩㄢ
chüan
jun
[tɕyn]
ㄐㄩㄣ
chün
j-
q-
qi
[tɕʰi]
ㄑㄧ
ch'i
qia
[tɕʰi̯ɑ]
ㄑㄧㄚ
ch'ia
qiao
[tɕʰi̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄑㄧㄠ
ch'iao
qie
[tɕʰiɛ]
ㄑㄧㄝ
ch'ieh
qiu
[tɕʰi̯ɤʊ̯]
ㄑㄧㄡ
ch'iu
qian
[tɕʰiɛn]
ㄑㄧㄢ
ch'ien
qiang
[tɕʰi̯ɑŋ]
ㄑㄧㄤ
ch'iang
qin
[tɕʰin]
ㄑㄧㄣ
ch'in
qing
[tɕʰiŋ]
ㄑㄧㄥ
ch'ing
qiong
[tɕʰi̯ʊŋ]
ㄑㄩㄥ
ch'iung
qu
[tɕʰy]
ㄑㄩ
ch'ü
que
[tɕʰy̯œ]
ㄑㄩㄝ
ch'üeh
quan
[tɕʰy̯ɛn]
ㄑㄩㄢ
ch'üan
qun
[tɕʰyn]
ㄑㄩㄣ
ch'ün
q-
x-
xi
[ɕi]
ㄒㄧ
his
xia
[ɕi̯ɑ]
ㄒㄧㄚ
hsia
xiao
[ɕi̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄒㄧㄠ
hsiao
xie
[ɕiɛ]
ㄒㄧㄝ
hsieh
xiu
[ɕi̯ɤʊ̯]
ㄒㄧㄡ
hsiu
xian
[ɕiɛn]
ㄒㄧㄢ
hsien
xiang
[ɕi̯ɑŋ]
ㄒㄧㄤ
hsiang
xin
[ɕin]
ㄒㄧㄣ
hsin
xing
[ɕiŋ]
ㄒㄧㄥ
hsing
xiong
[ɕi̯ʊŋ]
ㄒㄩㄥ
hsiung
xu
[ɕy]
ㄒㄩ
hsü
xue
[ɕy̯œ]
ㄒㄩㄝ
hsüeh
xuan
[ɕy̯ɛn]
ㄒㄩㄢ
hsüan
xun
[ɕyn]
ㄒㄩㄣ
hsün
x-
g-
ga
[kɑ]
ㄍㄚ
ka
gai
[kaɪ̯]
ㄍㄞ
kai
gao
[kɑʊ̯]
ㄍㄠ
kao
gan
[kan]
ㄍㄢ
kan
gang
[kɑŋ]
ㄍㄤ
kang
ge
[kɯ̯ʌ]
ㄍㄜ
ke
gei
[keɪ̯]
ㄍㄟ
kei
gen
[kən]
ㄍㄣ
ken
geng
[kəŋ]
ㄍㄥ
keng
gou
[kɤʊ̯]
ㄍㄡ
kou
gong
[kʊŋ]
ㄍㄨㄥ
kung
gu
[ku]
ㄍㄨ
ku
gua
[ku̯ɑ]
ㄍㄨㄚ
kua
guai
[ku̯aɪ̯]
ㄍㄨㄞ
kuai
gui
[ku̯eɪ̯]
ㄍㄨㄟ
kui
guo
[ku̯ɔ]
ㄍㄨㄛ
ko
guan
[ku̯an]
ㄍㄨㄢ
kuan
guang
[ku̯ɑŋ]
ㄍㄨㄤ
kuang
gun
[ku̯ən]
ㄍㄨㄣ
kun
g-
k-
ka
[kʰɑ]
ㄎㄚ
k'a
kai
[kʰaɪ̯]
ㄎㄞ
k'ai
kao
[kʰɑʊ̯]
ㄎㄠ
k'ao
kan
[kʰan]
ㄎㄢ
k'an
kang
[kʰɑŋ]
ㄎㄤ
k'ang
ke
[kʰɯ̯ʌ]
ㄎㄜ
k'e
kei
[kʰeɪ̯]
ㄎㄟ
k'ei
ken
[kʰən]
ㄎㄣ
k'en
keng
[kʰəŋ]
ㄎㄥ
k'eng
kou
[kʰɤʊ̯]
ㄎㄡ
k'ou
kong
[kʰʊŋ]
ㄎㄨㄥ
k'ung
ku
[kʰu]
ㄎㄨ
k'u
kua
[kʰu̯ɑ]
ㄎㄨㄚ
k'ua
kuai
[kʰu̯aɪ̯]
ㄎㄨㄞ
k'uai
kui
[kʰu̯eɪ̯]
ㄎㄨㄟ
k'ui
kuo
[kʰu̯ɔ]
ㄎㄨㄛ
k'o
kuan
[kʰu̯an]
ㄎㄨㄢ
k'uan
kuang
[kʰu̯ɑŋ]
ㄎㄨㄤ
k'uang
kun
[kʰu̯ən]
ㄎㄨㄣ
k'un
k-
h-
ha
[xɑ]
ㄏㄚ
ha
hai
[xaɪ̯]
ㄏㄞ
hai
hao
[xɑʊ̯]
ㄏㄠ
hao
han
[xan]
ㄏㄢ
han
hang
[xɑŋ]
ㄏㄤ
hang
he
[xɯ̯ʌ]
ㄏㄜ
he
hei
[xeɪ̯]
ㄏㄟ
hei
hen
[xən]
ㄏㄣ
hen
heng
[xəŋ]
ㄏㄥ
heng
hou
[xɤʊ̯]
ㄏㄡ
hou
hong
[xʊŋ]
ㄏㄨㄥ
hung
hu
[xu]
ㄏㄨ
hu
hua
[xu̯ɑ]
ㄏㄨㄚ
hua
huai
[xu̯aɪ̯]
ㄏㄨㄞ
huai
hui
[xu̯eɪ̯]
ㄏㄨㄟ
hui
huo
[xu̯ɔ]
ㄏㄨㄛ
ho
huan
[xu̯an]
ㄏㄨㄢ
huan
huang
[xu̯ɑŋ]
ㄏㄨㄤ
huang
hun
[xu̯ən]
ㄏㄨㄣ
hun
h-
-a- -a -ai -ao -an -ang -e- -e -ei -en -eng -er -o- -o -ou -ong -i- -i -i* -ia -iao -ie -iou -ian -iang -in -ing -iong -u- -u -ua -uai -uei -uo -uan -uang -uen -ueng -ü- -üe -üan -ün

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