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Difference between revisions of "The "o" and "u" vowels"

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Although we treated [[Pinyin: the "a" vowel|the "a" vowel]], [[Pinyin: the "e" vowel|the "e" vowel]], and [[Pinyin: the "i" vowel|the "i" vowel]] separately, we're going to present "o" and "u" together because, well... these two sounds kind of have a thing for each other, and it makes sense to do it this way.
 
Although we treated [[Pinyin: the "a" vowel|the "a" vowel]], [[Pinyin: the "e" vowel|the "e" vowel]], and [[Pinyin: the "i" vowel|the "i" vowel]] separately, we're going to present "o" and "u" together because, well... these two sounds kind of have a thing for each other, and it makes sense to do it this way.
 +
 +
== Pinyin's Main "o" Vowel Sound ==
 +
 +
== Pinyin's Main "u" Vowel Sound ==
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 +
== Pinyin Chart Fragment ==
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 +
This is just a part of the full [[pinyin chart]], limited to the sounds we've covered so far.
  
 
{{#widget: Pinyin chart settings}}
 
{{#widget: Pinyin chart settings}}
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</tr>
 
</tr>
 
</table></div>
 
</table></div>
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This section has been quite full! Be sure to listen to the audio a lot and get really familiar with these sounds. Then move on to [[the "c" and "z" sounds]].
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== Sources and further reading ==
 +
 +
* Sinosplice: [http://www.sinosplice.com/learn-chinese/pronunciation-of-mandarin-chinese/2 Chinese Pronunciation]
 +
* ChinesePod: [http://chinesepod.com/tools/pronunciation/section/11 Non-Nasal U with Easy Consonants], [http://chinesepod.com/tools/pronunciation/section/12 Nasal U with Easy Consonants]
  
 
{{Number in Series|5|Pinyin quick start  guide}}
 
{{Number in Series|5|Pinyin quick start  guide}}

Revision as of 07:12, 29 March 2015

Although we treated the "a" vowel, the "e" vowel, and the "i" vowel separately, we're going to present "o" and "u" together because, well... these two sounds kind of have a thing for each other, and it makes sense to do it this way.

Pinyin's Main "o" Vowel Sound

Pinyin's Main "u" Vowel Sound

Pinyin Chart Fragment

This is just a part of the full pinyin chart, limited to the sounds we've covered so far.

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-o- -o -ou -ong -u- -u -ua -uai -uei -uo -uan -uang -uen -ueng
∅-
o
[ɔ]
o
ou
[ɤʊ̯]
ou
wu
[u]
wu
wa
[u̯ɑ]
ㄨㄚ
wa
wai
[u̯aɪ̯]
ㄨㄞ
wai
wei
[u̯eɪ̯]
ㄨㄟ
wei
wo
[u̯ɔ]
ㄨㄛ
wo
wan
[u̯an]
ㄨㄢ
wan
wang
[u̯ɑŋ]
ㄨㄤ
wang
wen
[u̯ən]
ㄨㄣ
wen
weng
[u̯əŋ]
ㄨㄥ
weng
b-
bo
[pu̯ɔ]
ㄅㄛ
po
bu
[pu]
ㄅㄨ
pu
p-
po
[pʰu̯ɔ]
ㄆㄛ
p'o
pou
[pʰɤʊ̯]
ㄆㄡ
p'ou
pu
[pʰu]
ㄆㄨ
p'u
m-
mo
[mu̯ɔ]
ㄇㄛ
mo
mou
[mɤʊ̯]
ㄇㄡ
mou
mu
[mu]
ㄇㄨ
mu
f-
fo
[fu̯ɔ]
ㄈㄛ
fo
fou
[fɤʊ̯]
ㄈㄡ
fou
fu
[fu]
ㄈㄨ
fu
d-
dou
[tɤʊ̯]
ㄉㄡ
tou
dong
[tʊŋ]
ㄉㄨㄥ
tung
du
[tu]
ㄉㄨ
tu
dui
[tu̯eɪ̯]
ㄉㄨㄟ
tui
duo
[tu̯ɔ]
ㄉㄨㄛ
to
duan
[tu̯an]
ㄉㄨㄢ
tuan
dun
[tu̯ən]
ㄉㄨㄣ
tun
t-
tou
[tʰɤʊ̯]
ㄊㄡ
t'ou
tong
[tʰʊŋ]
ㄊㄨㄥ
t'ung
tu
[tʰu]
ㄊㄨ
t'u
tui
[tʰu̯eɪ̯]
ㄊㄨㄟ
t'ui
tuo
[tʰu̯ɔ]
ㄊㄨㄛ
t'o
tuan
[tʰu̯an]
ㄊㄨㄢ
t'uan
tun
[tʰu̯ən]
ㄊㄨㄣ
t'un
n-
nou
[nɤʊ̯]
ㄋㄡ
nou
nong
[nʊŋ]
ㄋㄨㄥ
nung
nu
[nu]
ㄋㄨ
nu
nuo
[nu̯ɔ]
ㄋㄨㄛ
no
nuan
[nu̯an]
ㄋㄨㄢ
nuan
l-
lo
[lu̯ɔ]
ㄌㄛ
lo
lou
[lɤʊ̯]
ㄌㄡ
lou
long
[lʊŋ]
ㄌㄨㄥ
lung
lu
[lu]
ㄌㄨ
lu
luo
[lu̯ɔ]
ㄌㄨㄛ
lo
luan
[lu̯an]
ㄌㄨㄢ
luan
lun
[lu̯ən]
ㄌㄨㄣ
lun
s-
sou
[sɤʊ̯]
ㄙㄡ
sou
song
[sʊŋ]
ㄙㄨㄥ
sung
su
[su]
ㄙㄨ
su
sui
[su̯eɪ̯]
ㄙㄨㄟ
sui
suo
[su̯ɔ]
ㄙㄨㄛ
so
suan
[su̯an]
ㄙㄨㄢ
suan
sun
[su̯ən]
ㄙㄨㄣ
sun
g-
gou
[kɤʊ̯]
ㄍㄡ
kou
gong
[kʊŋ]
ㄍㄨㄥ
kung
gu
[ku]
ㄍㄨ
ku
gua
[ku̯ɑ]
ㄍㄨㄚ
kua
guai
[ku̯aɪ̯]
ㄍㄨㄞ
kuai
gui
[ku̯eɪ̯]
ㄍㄨㄟ
kui
guo
[ku̯ɔ]
ㄍㄨㄛ
ko
guan
[ku̯an]
ㄍㄨㄢ
kuan
guang
[ku̯ɑŋ]
ㄍㄨㄤ
kuang
gun
[ku̯ən]
ㄍㄨㄣ
kun
k-
kou
[kʰɤʊ̯]
ㄎㄡ
k'ou
kong
[kʰʊŋ]
ㄎㄨㄥ
k'ung
ku
[kʰu]
ㄎㄨ
k'u
kua
[kʰu̯ɑ]
ㄎㄨㄚ
k'ua
kuai
[kʰu̯aɪ̯]
ㄎㄨㄞ
k'uai
kui
[kʰu̯eɪ̯]
ㄎㄨㄟ
k'ui
kuo
[kʰu̯ɔ]
ㄎㄨㄛ
k'o
kuan
[kʰu̯an]
ㄎㄨㄢ
k'uan
kuang
[kʰu̯ɑŋ]
ㄎㄨㄤ
k'uang
kun
[kʰu̯ən]
ㄎㄨㄣ
k'un
h-
hou
[xɤʊ̯]
ㄏㄡ
hou
hong
[xʊŋ]
ㄏㄨㄥ
hung
hu
[xu]
ㄏㄨ
hu
hua
[xu̯ɑ]
ㄏㄨㄚ
hua
huai
[xu̯aɪ̯]
ㄏㄨㄞ
huai
hui
[xu̯eɪ̯]
ㄏㄨㄟ
hui
huo
[xu̯ɔ]
ㄏㄨㄛ
ho
huan
[xu̯an]
ㄏㄨㄢ
huan
huang
[xu̯ɑŋ]
ㄏㄨㄤ
huang
hun
[xu̯ən]
ㄏㄨㄣ
hun

This section has been quite full! Be sure to listen to the audio a lot and get really familiar with these sounds. Then move on to the "c" and "z" sounds.

Sources and further reading