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Widget:Pinyin chart

Revision as of 03:02, 9 June 2015 by Mscottmoore (Talk | contribs) (Template work)

<title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-a" id="-a">-a</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-a" id="-ai">-ai</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-a" id="-ao">-ao</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-a" id="-an">-an</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-a" id="-ang">-ang</th> <th title="Click to expand" class="col-e col-placeholder first-row">-e-</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-e" id="-e">-e</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-e" id="-ei">-ei</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-e" id="-en">-en</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-e" id="-eng">-eng</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-e" id="-er">-er</th> <th title="Click to expand" class="col-o col-placeholder first-row">-o-</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-o" id="-o">-o</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-o" id="-ou">-ou</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-o" id="-ong">-ong</th> <th title="Click to expand" class="col-i col-placeholder first-row">-i-</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-i" id="-i">-i</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-i" id="-i*">-i*</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-i" id="-ia">-ia</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-i" id="-iao">-iao</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-i" id="-ie">-ie</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-i" id="-iou">-iou</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-i" id="-ian">-ian</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-i" id="-iang">-iang</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-i" id="-in">-in</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-i" id="-ing">-ing</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-i" id="-iong">-iong</th> <th title="Click to expand" class="col-u col-placeholder first-row">-u-</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-u" id="-u">-u</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-u" id="-ua">-ua</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-u" id="-uai">-uai</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-u" id="-uei">-uei</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-u" id="-uo">-uo</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-u" id="-uan">-uan</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-u" id="-uang">-uang</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-u" id="-uen">-uen</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-u" id="-ueng">-ueng</th> <th title="Click to expand" class="col-v col-placeholder first-row">-ü-</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-v" id="-ü"></th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-v" id="-üe">-üe</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-v" id="-üan">-üan</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="first-row col-v" id="-ün">-ün</th> <th class="first-row last-col"></th>

<tr> <th class="row-null first-col" id="∅-">∅-</th> <td class="row-null col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-null col-a" id="a">
a
[ɑ]
a
</td> <td class="row-null col-a" id="ai">
ai
[aɪ̯]
ai
</td> <td class="row-null col-a" id="ao">
ao
[ɑʊ̯]
ao
</td> <td class="row-null col-a" id="an">
an
[an]
an
</td> <td class="row-null col-a" id="ang">
ang
[ɑŋ]
ang
</td>

<td class="row-null col-e col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-null col-e" id="e">
e
[ɯ̯ʌ]
e
</td> <td class="row-null col-e" id="ei">
ei
[eɪ̯]
ei
</td> <td class="row-null col-e" id="en">
en
[ən]
en
</td> <td class="row-null col-e" id="eng">
eng
[əŋ]
eng
</td> <td class="row-null col-e" id="er">
er
[ɑɻ]
erh
</td>

<td class="row-null col-o col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-null col-o" id="o">
o
[ɔ]
o
</td> <td class="row-null col-o" id="ou">
ou
[ɤʊ̯]
ou
</td>

<td class="row-null col-o"></td> <td class="row-null col-i col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-null col-i" id="yi">
yi
[i]
i
</td>

<td class="row-null col-i"></td>

<td class="row-null col-i" id="ya">
ya
[i̯ɑ]
ㄧㄚ
ya
</td> <td class="row-null col-i" id="yao">
yao
[i̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄧㄠ
yao
</td> <td class="row-null col-i" id="ye">
ye
[iɛ]
ㄧㄝ
yeh
</td> <td class="row-null col-i" id="you">
you
[i̯ɤʊ̯]
ㄧㄡ
yu
</td> <td class="row-null col-i" id="yan">
yan
[iɛn]
ㄧㄢ
yan
</td> <td class="row-null col-i" id="yang">
yang
[i̯ɑŋ]
ㄧㄤ
yang
</td> <td class="row-null col-i" id="yin">
yin
[in]
ㄧㄣ
yin
</td> <td class="row-null col-i" id="ying">
ying
[iŋ]
ㄧㄥ
ying
</td> <td class="row-null col-i" id="yong">
yong
ㄩㄥ
yung
</td>

<td class="row-null col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-null col-u" id="wu">
wu
[u]
wu
</td> <td class="row-null col-u" id="wa">
wa
[u̯ɑ]
ㄨㄚ
wa
</td> <td class="row-null col-u" id="wai">
wai
[u̯aɪ̯]
ㄨㄞ
wai
</td> <td class="row-null col-u" id="wei">
wei
[u̯eɪ̯]
ㄨㄟ
wei
</td> <td class="row-null col-u" id="wo">
wo
[u̯ɔ]
ㄨㄛ
wo
</td> <td class="row-null col-u" id="wan">
wan
[u̯an]
ㄨㄢ
wan
</td> <td class="row-null col-u" id="wang">
wang
[u̯ɑŋ]
ㄨㄤ
wang
</td> <td class="row-null col-u" id="wen">
wen
[u̯ən]
ㄨㄣ
wen
</td> <td class="row-null col-u" id="weng">
weng
[u̯əŋ]
ㄨㄥ
weng
</td>

<td class="row-null col-v col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-null col-v" id="yu">
yu
[y]
</td> <td class="row-null col-v" id="yue">
yue
[y̯œ]
ㄩㄝ
yüeh
</td> <td class="row-null col-v" id="yuan">
yuan
[y̯ɛn]
ㄩㄢ
yüan
</td> <td class="row-null col-v" id="yun">
yun
[yn]
ㄩㄣ
yün
</td>

<th class="row-null last-col" id="∅-">∅-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-bpmf first-col" id="b-">b-</th> <td class="row-bpmf col-a col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="ba">
ba
[pɑ]
ㄅㄚ
pa
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="bai">
bai
[paɪ̯]
ㄅㄞ
pai
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="bao">
bao
[pɑʊ̯]
ㄅㄠ
pao
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="ban">
ban
[pan]
ㄅㄢ
pan
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="bang">
bang
[pɑŋ]
ㄅㄤ
pang
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="bei">
bei
[peɪ̯]
ㄅㄟ
pei
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="ben">
ben
[pən]
ㄅㄣ
pen
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="beng">
beng
[pəŋ]
ㄅㄥ
peng
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-e"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-o" id="bo">
bo
[pu̯ɔ]
ㄅㄛ
po
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-o"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="bi">
bi
[pi]
ㄅㄧ
pi
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="biao">
biao
[pi̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄅㄧㄠ
piao
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="bie">
bie
[piɛ]
ㄅㄧㄝ
pieh
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="bian">
bian
[piɛn]
ㄅㄧㄢ
pien
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="bin">
bin
[pin]
ㄅㄧㄣ
pin
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="bing">
bing
[piŋ]
ㄅㄧㄥ
ping
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-u" id="bu">
bu
[pu]
ㄅㄨ
pu
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <th class="row-bpmf last-col" id="b-">b-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-bpmf first-col" id="p-">p-</th> <td class="row-bpmf col-a col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="pa">
pa
[pʰɑ]
ㄆㄚ
p'a
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="pai">
pai
[pʰaɪ̯]
ㄆㄞ
p'ai
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="pao">
pao
[pʰɑʊ̯]
ㄆㄠ
p'ao
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="pan">
pan
[pʰan]
ㄆㄢ
p'an
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="pang">
pang
[pʰɑŋ]
ㄆㄤ
p'ang
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="pei">
pei
[pʰeɪ̯]
ㄆㄟ
p'ei
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="pen">
pen
[pʰən]
ㄆㄣ
p'en
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="peng">
peng
[pʰəŋ]
ㄆㄥ
p'eng
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-e"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-o" id="po">
po
[pʰu̯ɔ]
ㄆㄛ
p'o
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o" id="pou">
pou
[pʰɤʊ̯]
ㄆㄡ
p'ou
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-o"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="pi">
pi
[pʰi]
ㄆㄧ
p'i
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="piao">
piao
[pʰi̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄆㄧㄠ
p'iao
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="pie">
pie
[pʰiɛ]
ㄆㄧㄝ
p'ieh
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="pian">
pian
[pʰiɛn]
ㄆㄧㄢ
p'ien
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="min">
min
[pʰin]
ㄆㄧㄣ
p'in
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="ping">
ping
[pʰiŋ]
ㄆㄧㄥ
p'ing
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-u" id="pu">
pu
[pʰu]
ㄆㄨ
p'u
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <th class="row-bpmf last-col" id="p-">p-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-bpmf first-col" id="m-">m-</th> <td class="row-bpmf col-a col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="ma">
ma
[mɑ]
ㄇㄚ
ma
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="mai">
mai
[maɪ̯]
ㄇㄞ
mai
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="mao">
mao
[mɑʊ̯]
ㄇㄠ
mao
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="man">
man
[man]
ㄇㄢ
man
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="mang">
mang
[mɑŋ]
ㄇㄤ
mang
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-e col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="me">
me
[mɯ̯ʌ]
ㄇㄜ
me
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="mei">
mei
[meɪ̯]
ㄇㄟ
mei
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="men">
men
[mən]
ㄇㄣ
men
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="meng">
meng
[məŋ]
ㄇㄥ
meng
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-e"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-o" id="mo">
mo
[mu̯ɔ]
ㄇㄛ
mo
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o" id="mou">
mou
[mɤʊ̯]
ㄇㄡ
mou
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-o"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="mi">
mi
[mi]
ㄇㄧ
mi
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="miao">
miao
[mi̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄇㄧㄠ
miao
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="mie">
mie
[miɛ]
ㄇㄧㄝ
mieh
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="miu">
miu
[mi̯ɤʊ̯]
ㄇㄧㄡ
miu
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="mian">
mian
[miɛn]
ㄇㄧㄢ
mien
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i" id="ming">
ming
[miŋ]
ㄇㄧㄥ
ming
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-u" id="mu">
mu
[mu]
ㄇㄨ
mu
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <th class="row-bpmf last-col" id="m-">m-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-bpmf first-col" id="f-">f-</th> <td class="row-bpmf col-a col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="fa">
fa
[fɑ]
ㄈㄚ
fa
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-a"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="fan">
fan
[fan]
ㄈㄢ
fan
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-a" id="fang">
fang
[fɑŋ]
ㄈㄤ
fang
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="fei">
fei
[feɪ̯]
ㄈㄟ
fei
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="fen">
fen
[fən]
ㄈㄣ
fen
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-e" id="feng">
feng
[fəŋ]
ㄈㄥ
feng
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-e"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-o" id="fo">
fo
[fu̯ɔ]
ㄈㄛ
fo
</td> <td class="row-bpmf col-o" id="fou">
fou
[fɤʊ̯]
ㄈㄡ
fou
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-o"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-i"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-u" id="fu">
fu
[fu]
ㄈㄨ
fu
</td>

<td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-u"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <td class="row-bpmf col-v"></td> <th class="row-bpmf last-col" id="f-">f-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-dtnl first-col" id="d-">d-</th> <td class="row-dtnl col-a col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="da">
da
[tɑ]
ㄉㄚ
ta
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="dai">
dai
[taɪ̯]
ㄉㄞ
tai
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="dao">
dao
[tɑʊ̯]
ㄉㄠ
tao
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="dan">
dan
[tan]
ㄉㄢ
tan
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="dang">
dang
[tɑŋ]
ㄉㄤ
tang
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-e col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="de">
de
[tɯ̯ʌ]
ㄉㄜ
te
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="dei">
dei
[teɪ̯]
ㄉㄟ
tei
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="den">
den
[tən]
ㄉㄣ
ten
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="deng">
deng
[təŋ]
ㄉㄥ
teng
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-e"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-o" id="dou">
dou
[tɤʊ̯]
ㄉㄡ
tou
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o" id="dong">
dong
[tʊŋ]
ㄉㄨㄥ
tung
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="di">
di
[ti]
ㄉㄧ
ti
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="diao">
diao
[ti̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄉㄧㄠ
tiao
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="die">
die
[tiɛ]
ㄉㄧㄝ
tieh
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="diu">
diu
[ti̯ɤʊ̯]
ㄉㄧㄡ
tiu
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="dian">
dian
[tiɛn]
ㄉㄧㄢ
tien
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="ding">
ding
[tiŋ]
ㄉㄧㄥ
ting
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="du">
du
[tu]
ㄉㄨ
tu
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="dui">
dui
[tu̯eɪ̯]
ㄉㄨㄟ
tui
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="duo">
duo
[tu̯ɔ]
ㄉㄨㄛ
to
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="duan">
duan
[tu̯an]
ㄉㄨㄢ
tuan
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="dun">
dun
[tu̯ən]
ㄉㄨㄣ
tun
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <th class="row-dtnl last-col" id="d-">d-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-dtnl first-col" id="t-">t-</th> <td class="row-dtnl col-a col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="ta">
ta
[tʰɑ]
ㄊㄚ
t'a
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="tai">
tai
[tʰaɪ̯]
ㄊㄞ
t'ai
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="tao">
tao
[tʰɑʊ̯]
ㄊㄠ
t'ao
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="tan">
tan
[tʰan]
ㄊㄢ
t'an
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="tang">
tang
[tʰɑŋ]
ㄊㄤ
t'ang
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-e col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="te">
te
[tʰɯ̯ʌ]
ㄊㄜ
t'e
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-e"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="teng">
teng
[tʰəŋ]
ㄊㄥ
t'eng
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-e"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-o" id="tou">
tou
[tʰɤʊ̯]
ㄊㄡ
t'ou
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o" id="tong">
tong
[tʰʊŋ]
ㄊㄨㄥ
t'ung
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="ti">
ti
[tʰi]
ㄊㄧ
t'i
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="tiao">
tiao
[tʰi̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄊㄧㄠ
t'iao
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="tie">
tie
[tʰiɛ]
ㄊㄧㄝ
t'ieh
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="tian">
tian
[tʰiɛn]
ㄊㄧㄢ
t'ien
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="ting">
ting
[tʰiŋ]
ㄊㄧㄥ
t'ing
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="tu">
tu
[tʰu]
ㄊㄨ
t'u
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="tui">
tui
[tʰu̯eɪ̯]
ㄊㄨㄟ
t'ui
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="tuo">
tuo
[tʰu̯ɔ]
ㄊㄨㄛ
t'o
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="tuan">
tuan
[tʰu̯an]
ㄊㄨㄢ
t'uan
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="tun">
tun
[tʰu̯ən]
ㄊㄨㄣ
t'un
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <th class="row-dtnl last-col" id="t-">t-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-dtnl first-col" id="n-">n-</th> <td class="row-dtnl col-a col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="na">
na
[nɑ]
ㄋㄚ
na
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="nai">
nai
[naɪ̯]
ㄋㄞ
nai
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="nao">
nao
[nɑʊ̯]
ㄋㄠ
nao
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="nan">
nan
[nan]
ㄋㄢ
nan
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="nang">
nang
[nɑŋ]
ㄋㄤ
nang
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-e col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="ne">
ne
[nɯ̯ʌ]
ㄋㄜ
ne
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="nei">
nei
[neɪ̯]
ㄋㄟ
nei
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="nen">
nen
[nən]
ㄋㄣ
nen
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="neng">
neng
[nəŋ]
ㄋㄥ
neng
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-e"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-o" id="nou">
nou
[nɤʊ̯]
ㄋㄡ
nou
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o" id="nong">
nong
[nʊŋ]
ㄋㄨㄥ
nung
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="ni">
ni
[ni]
ㄋㄧ
ni
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="niao">
niao
[ni̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄋㄧㄠ
niao
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="nie">
nie
[niɛ]
ㄋㄧㄝ
nieh
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="niu">
niu
[ni̯ɤʊ̯]
ㄋㄧㄡ
niu
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="nian">
nian
[niɛn]
ㄋㄧㄢ
nien
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="niang">
niang
[ni̯ɑŋ]
ㄋㄧㄤ
niang
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="nin">
nin
[nin]
ㄋㄧㄣ
nin
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="ning">
ning
[niŋ]
ㄋㄧㄥ
ning
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="nu">
nu
[nu]
ㄋㄨ
nu
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="nuo">
nuo
[nu̯ɔ]
ㄋㄨㄛ
no
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="nuan">
nuan
[nu̯an]
ㄋㄨㄢ
nuan
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-v" id="nü">
[ny]
ㄋㄩ
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v" id="nüe">
nüe
[ny̯œ]
ㄋㄩㄝ
nüeh
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <th class="row-dtnl last-col" id="n-">n-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-dtnl first-col" id="l-">l-</th> <td class="row-dtnl col-a col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="la">
la
[lɑ]
ㄌㄚ
la
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="lai">
lai
[laɪ̯]
ㄌㄞ
lai
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="lao">
lao
[lɑʊ̯]
ㄌㄠ
lao
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="lan">
lan
[lan]
ㄌㄢ
lan
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-a" id="lang">
lang
[lɑŋ]
ㄌㄤ
lang
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-e col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="le">
le
[lɯ̯ʌ]
ㄌㄜ
le
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="lei">
lei
[leɪ̯]
ㄌㄟ
lei
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-e"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-e" id="leng">
leng
[ləŋ]
ㄌㄥ
leng
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-e"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-o" id="lo">
lo
[lu̯ɔ]
ㄌㄛ
lo
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o" id="lou">
lou
[lɤʊ̯]
ㄌㄡ
lou
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-o" id="long">
long
[lʊŋ]
ㄌㄨㄥ
lung
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="li">
li
[li]
ㄌㄧ
li
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="lia">
lia
[li̯ɑ]
ㄌㄧㄚ
lia
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="liao">
liao
[li̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄌㄧㄠ
liao
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="lie">
lie
[liɛ]
ㄌㄧㄝ
lieh
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="liu">
liu
[li̯ɤʊ̯]
ㄌㄧㄡ
liu
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="lian">
lian
[liɛn]
ㄌㄧㄢ
lien
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="liang">
liang
[li̯ɑŋ]
ㄌㄧㄤ
liang
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="lin">
lin
[lin]
ㄌㄧㄣ
lin
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-i" id="ling">
ling
[liŋ]
ㄌㄧㄥ
ling
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-i"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="lu">
lu
[lu]
ㄌㄨ
lu
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="luo">
luo
[lu̯ɔ]
ㄌㄨㄛ
lo
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="luan">
luan
[lu̯an]
ㄌㄨㄢ
luan
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u" id="lun">
lun
[lu̯ən]
ㄌㄨㄣ
lun
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-u"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-v" id="lü">
[ly]
ㄌㄩ
</td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v" id="lüe">
lüe
[ly̯œ]
ㄌㄩㄝ
lüeh
</td>

<td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <td class="row-dtnl col-v"></td> <th class="row-dtnl last-col" id="l-">l-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-zcs first-col" id="z-">z-</th> <td class="row-zcs col-a col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-a" id="za">
za
[tsɑ]
ㄗㄚ
tsa
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="zai">
zai
[tsaɪ̯]
ㄗㄞ
tsai
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="zao">
zao
[tsɑʊ̯]
ㄗㄠ
tsao
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="zan">
zan
[tsan]
ㄗㄢ
tsan
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="zang">
zang
[tsɑŋ]
ㄗㄤ
tsang
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-e col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-e" id="ze">
ze
[tsɯ̯ʌ]
ㄗㄜ
tse
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-e" id="zei">
zei
[tseɪ̯]
ㄗㄟ
tsei
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-e" id="zen">
zen
[tsən]
ㄗㄣ
tsen
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-e" id="zeng">
zeng
[tsəŋ]
ㄗㄥ
tseng
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-e"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-o"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-o" id="zou">
zou
[tsɤʊ̯]
ㄗㄡ
tsou
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-o" id="zong">
zong
[tsʊŋ]
ㄗㄨㄥ
tsung
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-i" id="zi">
zi
[tsɿ]
tzu
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-u" id="zu">
zu
[tsu]
ㄗㄨ
tsu
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-u"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-u" id="zui">
zui
[tsu̯eɪ̯]
ㄗㄨㄟ
tsui
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="zuo">
zuo
[tsu̯ɔ]
ㄗㄨㄛ
tso
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="zuan">
zuan
[tsu̯an]
ㄗㄨㄢ
tsuan
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-u"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-u" id="zun">
zun
[tsu̯ən]
ㄗㄨㄣ
tsun
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-u"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <th class="row-zcs last-col" id="z-">z-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-zcs first-col" id="c-">c-</th> <td class="row-zcs col-a col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-a" id="ca">
ca
[tsʰɑ]
ㄘㄚ
ts'a
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="cai">
cai
[tsʰaɪ̯]
ㄘㄞ
ts'ai
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="cao">
cao
[tsʰɑʊ̯]
ㄘㄠ
ts'ao
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="can">
can
[tsʰan]
ㄘㄢ
ts'an
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="cang">
cang
[tsʰɑŋ]
ㄘㄤ
ts'ang
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-e col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-e" id="ce">
ce
[tsʰɯ̯ʌ]
ㄘㄜ
ts'e
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-e" id="cei">
cei
[tsʰeɪ̯]
ㄘㄟ
ts'ei
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-e" id="cen">
cen
[tsʰən]
ㄘㄣ
ts'en
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-e" id="ceng">
ceng
[tsʰəŋ]
ㄘㄥ
ts'eng
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-e"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-o"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-o" id="cou">
cou
[tsʰɤʊ̯]
ㄘㄡ
ts'ou
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-o" id="cong">
cong
[tsʰʊŋ]
ㄘㄨㄥ
ts'ung
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-i" id="ci">
ci
[tsʰɿ]
tz'u
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-u" id="cu">
cu
[tsʰu]
ㄘㄨ
ts'u
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-u"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-u" id="cui">
cui
[tsʰu̯eɪ̯]
ㄘㄨㄟ
ts'ui
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="cuo">
cuo
[tsʰu̯ɔ]
ㄘㄨㄛ
ts'o
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="cuan">
cuan
[tsʰu̯an]
ㄘㄨㄢ
ts'uan
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-u"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-u" id="cun">
cun
[tsʰu̯ən]
ㄘㄨㄣ
ts'un
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-u"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <th class="row-zcs last-col" id="c-">c-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-zcs first-col" id="s-">s-</th> <td class="row-zcs col-a col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-a" id="sa">
sa
[sɑ]
ㄙㄚ
sa
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="sai">
sai
[saɪ̯]
ㄙㄞ
sai
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="sao">
sao
[sɑʊ̯]
ㄙㄠ
sao
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="san">
san
[san]
ㄙㄢ
san
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-a" id="sang">
sang
[sɑŋ]
ㄙㄤ
sang
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-e col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-e" id="se">
se
[sɯ̯ʌ]
ㄙㄜ
se
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-e"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-e" id="sen">
sen
[sən]
ㄙㄣ
sen
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-e" id="seng">
seng
[səŋ]
ㄙㄥ
seng
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-e"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-o"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-o" id="sou">
sou
[sɤʊ̯]
ㄙㄡ
sou
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-o" id="song">
song
[sʊŋ]
ㄙㄨㄥ
sung
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-i" id="si">
si
[sɿ]
ssu
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-i"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-u" id="su">
su
[su]
ㄙㄨ
su
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-u"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-u"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-u" id="sui">
sui
[su̯eɪ̯]
ㄙㄨㄟ
sui
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="suo">
suo
[su̯ɔ]
ㄙㄨㄛ
so
</td> <td class="row-zcs col-u" id="suan">
suan
[su̯an]
ㄙㄨㄢ
suan
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-u"></td>

<td class="row-zcs col-u" id="sun">
sun
[su̯ən]
ㄙㄨㄣ
sun
</td>

<td class="row-zcs col-u"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <td class="row-zcs col-v"></td> <th class="row-zcs last-col" id="s-">s-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-zhchshr first-col" id="zh-">zh-</th> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="zha">
zha
[tʂɑ]
ㄓㄚ
cha
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="zhai">
zhai
[tʂaɪ̯]
ㄓㄞ
chai
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="zhao">
zhao
[tʂɑʊ̯]
ㄓㄠ
chao
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="zhan">
zhan
[tʂan]
ㄓㄢ
chan
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="zhang">
zhang
[tʂɑŋ]
ㄓㄤ
chang
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-e col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="zhe">
zhe
[tʂɯ̯ʌ]
ㄓㄜ
che
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="zhei">
zhei
[tʂeɪ̯]
ㄓㄟ
chei
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="zhen">
zhen
[tʂən]
ㄓㄣ
chen
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="zheng">
zheng
[tʂəŋ]
ㄓㄥ
cheng
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-e"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-o" id="zhou">
zhou
[tʂɤʊ̯]
ㄓㄡ
chou
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o" id="zhong">
zhong
[tʂʊŋ]
ㄓㄨㄥ
chung
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-i" id="zhi">
zhi
[tʂʅ]
chih
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="zhu">
zhu
[tʂu]
ㄓㄨ
chu
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="zhua">
zhua
[tʂu̯ɑ]
ㄓㄨㄚ
chua
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="zhuai">
zhuai
[tʂu̯aɪ̯]
ㄓㄨㄞ
chuai
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="zhui">
zhui
[tʂu̯eɪ̯]
ㄓㄨㄟ
chui
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="zhuo">
zhuo
[tʂu̯ɔ]
ㄓㄨㄛ
cho
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="zhuan">
zhuan
[tʂu̯an]
ㄓㄨㄢ
chuan
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="zhuang">
zhuang
[tʂ̯u̯ɑŋ]
ㄓㄨㄤ
chuang
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="zhun">
zhun
[tʂu̯ən]
ㄓㄨㄣ
chun
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-u"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <th class="row-zhchshr last-col" id="zh-">zh-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-zhchshr first-col" id="ch-">ch-</th> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="cha">
cha
[tʂʰɑ]
ㄔㄚ
ch'a
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="chai">
chai
[tʂʰaɪ̯]
ㄔㄞ
ch'ai
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="chao">
chao
[tʂʰɑʊ̯]
ㄔㄠ
ch'ao
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="chan">
chan
[tʂʰan]
ㄔㄢ
ch'an
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="chang">
chang
[tʂʰɑŋ]
ㄔㄤ
ch'ang
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-e col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="che">
che
[tʂʰɯ̯ʌ]
ㄔㄜ
ch'e
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-e"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="chen">
chen
[tʂʰən]
ㄔㄣ
ch'en
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="cheng">
cheng
[tʂʰəŋ]
ㄔㄥ
ch'eng
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-e"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-o" id="chou">
chou
[tʂʰɤʊ̯]
ㄔㄡ
ch'ou
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o" id="chong">
chong
[tʂʰʊŋ]
ㄔㄨㄥ
ch'ung
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-i" id="chi">
chi
[tʂʰʅ]
ch'ih
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="chu">
chu
[tʂʰu]
ㄔㄨ
ch'u
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="chua">
chua
[tʂʰu̯ɑ]
ㄔㄨㄚ
ch'ua
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="chuai">
chuai
[tʂʰu̯aɪ̯]
ㄔㄨㄞ
ch'uai
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="chui">
chui
[tʂʰu̯eɪ̯]
ㄔㄨㄟ
ch'ui
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="chuo">
chuo
[tʂʰu̯ɔ]
ㄔㄨㄛ
ch'o
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="chuan">
chuan
[tʂʰu̯an]
ㄔㄨㄢ
ch'uan
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="chuang">
chuang
[tʂʰu̯ɑŋ]
ㄔㄨㄤ
ch'uang
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="chun">
chun
[tʂʰu̯ən]
ㄔㄨㄣ
ch'un
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-u"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <th class="row-zhchshr last-col" id="ch-">ch-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-zhchshr first-col" id="sh-">sh-</th> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="sha">
sha
[ʂɑ]
ㄕㄚ
sha
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="shai">
shai
[ʂaɪ̯]
ㄕㄞ
shai
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="shao">
shao
[ʂɑʊ̯]
ㄕㄠ
shao
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="shan">
shan
[ʂan]
ㄕㄢ
shan
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="shang">
shang
[ʂɑŋ]
ㄕㄤ
shang
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-e col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="she">
she
[ʂɯ̯ʌ]
ㄕㄜ
she
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="shei">
shei
[ʂeɪ̯]
ㄕㄟ
shei
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="shen">
shen
[ʂən]
ㄕㄣ
shen
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="sheng">
sheng
[ʂəŋ]
ㄕㄥ
sheng
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-e"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-o" id="shou">
shou
[ʂɤʊ̯]
ㄕㄡ
shou
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-o"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-i" id="shi">
shi
[ʂʅ]
shih
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="shu">
shu
[ʂu]
ㄕㄨ
shu
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="shua">
shua
[ʂu̯ɑ]
ㄕㄨㄚ
shua
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="shuai">
shuai
[ʂu̯aɪ̯]
ㄕㄨㄞ
shuai
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="shui">
shui
[ʂu̯eɪ̯]
ㄕㄨㄟ
shui
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="shuo">
shuo
[ʂu̯ɔ]
ㄕㄨㄛ
sho
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="shuan">
shuan
[ʂu̯an]
ㄕㄨㄢ
shuan
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="shuang">
shuang
[ʂu̯ɑŋ]
ㄕㄨㄤ
shuang
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="shun">
shun
[ʂu̯ən]
ㄕㄨㄣ
shun
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-u"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <th class="row-zhchshr last-col" id="sh-">sh-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-zhchshr first-col" id="r-">r-</th> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="rao">
rao
[ʐɑʊ̯]
ㄖㄠ
jao
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="ran">
ran
[ʐan]
ㄖㄢ
jan
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-a" id="rang">
rang
[ʐɑŋ]
ㄖㄤ
jang
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-e col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="re">
re
[ʐɯ̯ʌ]
ㄖㄜ
je
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-e"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="ren">
ren
[ʐən]
ㄖㄣ
jen
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-e" id="reng">
reng
[ʐəŋ]
ㄖㄥ
jeng
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-e"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-o" id="rou">
rou
[ʐɤʊ̯]
ㄖㄡ
jou
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-o" id="rong">
rong
[ʐʊŋ]
ㄖㄨㄥ
jung
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-i" id="ri">
ri
[ʐʅ]
jih
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-i"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="ru">
ru
[ʐu]
ㄖㄨ
ju
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="rua">
rua
[ʐu̯ɑ]
ㄖㄨㄚ
jua
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-u"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="rui">
rui
[ʐu̯eɪ̯]
ㄖㄨㄟ
jui
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="ruo">
ruo
[ʐu̯ɔ]
ㄖㄨㄛ
jo
</td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="ruan">
ruan
[ʐu̯an]
ㄖㄨㄢ
juan
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-u"></td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-u" id="run">
run
[ʐu̯ən]
ㄖㄨㄣ
jun
</td>

<td class="row-zhchshr col-u"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <td class="row-zhchshr col-v"></td> <th class="row-zhchshr last-col" id="r-">r-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-jqx first-col" id="j-">j-</th> <td class="row-jqx col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-jqx col-i" id="ji">
ji
[tɕi]
ㄐㄧ
chi
</td>

<td class="row-jqx col-i"></td>

<td class="row-jqx col-i" id="jia">
jia
[tɕi̯ɑ]
ㄐㄧㄚ
chia
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="jiao">
jiao
[tɕi̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄐㄧㄠ
chiao
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="jie">
jie
[tɕiɛ]
ㄐㄧㄝ
chieh
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="jiu">
jiu
[tɕi̯ɤʊ̯]
ㄐㄧㄡ
chiu
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="jian">
jian
[tɕiɛn]
ㄐㄧㄢ
chien
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="jiang">
jiang
[tɕi̯ɑŋ]
ㄐㄧㄤ
chiang
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="jin">
jin
[tɕin]
ㄐㄧㄣ
chin
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="jing">
jing
[tɕiŋ]
ㄐㄧㄥ
ching
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="jiong">
jiong
[tɕi̯ʊŋ]
ㄐㄩㄥ
chiung
</td>

<td class="row-jqx col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-v col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-jqx col-v" id="ju">
ju
[tɕy]
ㄐㄩ
chü
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="jue">
jue
[tɕy̯œ]
ㄐㄩㄝ
chüeh
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="juan">
juan
[tɕy̯ɛn]
ㄐㄩㄢ
chüan
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="jun">
jun
[tɕyn]
ㄐㄩㄣ
chün
</td>

<th class="row-jqx last-col" id="j-">j-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-jqx first-col" id="q-">q-</th> <td class="row-jqx col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qi">
qi
[tɕʰi]
ㄑㄧ
ch'i
</td>

<td class="row-jqx col-i"></td>

<td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qia">
qia
[tɕʰi̯ɑ]
ㄑㄧㄚ
ch'ia
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qiao">
qiao
[tɕʰi̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄑㄧㄠ
ch'iao
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qie">
qie
[tɕʰiɛ]
ㄑㄧㄝ
ch'ieh
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qiu">
qiu
[tɕʰi̯ɤʊ̯]
ㄑㄧㄡ
ch'iu
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qian">
qian
[tɕʰiɛn]
ㄑㄧㄢ
ch'ien
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qiang">
qiang
[tɕʰi̯ɑŋ]
ㄑㄧㄤ
ch'iang
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qin">
qin
[tɕʰin]
ㄑㄧㄣ
ch'in
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qing">
qing
[tɕʰiŋ]
ㄑㄧㄥ
ch'ing
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="qiong">
qiong
[tɕʰi̯ʊŋ]
ㄑㄩㄥ
ch'iung
</td>

<td class="row-jqx col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-v col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-jqx col-v" id="qu">
qu
[tɕʰy]
ㄑㄩ
ch'ü
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="que">
que
[tɕʰy̯œ]
ㄑㄩㄝ
ch'üeh
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="quan">
quan
[tɕʰy̯ɛn]
ㄑㄩㄢ
ch'üan
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="qun">
qun
[tɕʰyn]
ㄑㄩㄣ
ch'ün
</td>

<th class="row-jqx last-col" id="q-">q-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-jqx first-col" id="x-">x-</th> <td class="row-jqx col-a col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-a"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-e"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-o"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-i col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xi">
xi
[ɕi]
ㄒㄧ
his
</td>

<td class="row-jqx col-i"></td>

<td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xia">
xia
[ɕi̯ɑ]
ㄒㄧㄚ
hsia
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xiao">
xiao
[ɕi̯ɑʊ̯]
ㄒㄧㄠ
hsiao
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xie">
xie
[ɕiɛ]
ㄒㄧㄝ
hsieh
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xiu">
xiu
[ɕi̯ɤʊ̯]
ㄒㄧㄡ
hsiu
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xian">
xian
[ɕiɛn]
ㄒㄧㄢ
hsien
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xiang">
xiang
[ɕi̯ɑŋ]
ㄒㄧㄤ
hsiang
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xin">
xin
[ɕin]
ㄒㄧㄣ
hsin
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xing">
xing
[ɕiŋ]
ㄒㄧㄥ
hsing
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-i" id="xiong">
xiong
[ɕi̯ʊŋ]
ㄒㄩㄥ
hsiung
</td>

<td class="row-jqx col-u col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-u"></td> <td class="row-jqx col-v col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-jqx col-v" id="xu">
xu
[ɕy]
ㄒㄩ
hsü
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="xue">
xue
[ɕy̯œ]
ㄒㄩㄝ
hsüeh
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="xuan">
xuan
[ɕy̯ɛn]
ㄒㄩㄢ
hsüan
</td> <td class="row-jqx col-v" id="xun">
xun
[ɕyn]
ㄒㄩㄣ
hsün
</td>

<th class="row-jqx last-col" id="x-">x-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-gkh first-col" id="g-">g-</th> <td class="row-gkh col-a col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-gkh col-a" id="ga">
ga
[kɑ]
ㄍㄚ
ka
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="gai">
gai
[kaɪ̯]
ㄍㄞ
kai
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="gao">
gao
[kɑʊ̯]
ㄍㄠ
kao
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="gan">
gan
[kan]
ㄍㄢ
kan
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="gang">
gang
[kɑŋ]
ㄍㄤ
kang
</td>

<td class="row-gkh col-e col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-gkh col-e" id="ge">
ge
[kɯ̯ʌ]
ㄍㄜ
ke
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="gei">
gei
[keɪ̯]
ㄍㄟ
kei
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="gen">
gen
[kən]
ㄍㄣ
ken
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="geng">
geng
[kəŋ]
ㄍㄥ
keng
</td>

<td class="row-gkh col-e"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-o"></td>

<td class="row-gkh col-o" id="gou">
gou
[kɤʊ̯]
ㄍㄡ
kou
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-o" id="gong">
gong
[kʊŋ]
ㄍㄨㄥ
kung
</td>

<td class="row-gkh col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-gkh col-u" id="gu">
gu
[ku]
ㄍㄨ
ku
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="gua">
gua
[ku̯ɑ]
ㄍㄨㄚ
kua
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="guai">
guai
[ku̯aɪ̯]
ㄍㄨㄞ
kuai
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="gui">
gui
[ku̯eɪ̯]
ㄍㄨㄟ
kui
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="guo">
guo
[ku̯ɔ]
ㄍㄨㄛ
ko
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="guan">
guan
[ku̯an]
ㄍㄨㄢ
kuan
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="guang">
guang
[ku̯ɑŋ]
ㄍㄨㄤ
kuang
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="gun">
gun
[ku̯ən]
ㄍㄨㄣ
kun
</td>

<td class="row-gkh col-u"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <th class="row-gkh last-col" id="g-">g-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-gkh first-col" id="k-">k-</th> <td class="row-gkh col-a col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-gkh col-a" id="ka">
ka
[kʰɑ]
ㄎㄚ
k'a
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="kai">
kai
[kʰaɪ̯]
ㄎㄞ
k'ai
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="kao">
kao
[kʰɑʊ̯]
ㄎㄠ
k'ao
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="kan">
kan
[kʰan]
ㄎㄢ
k'an
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="kang">
kang
[kʰɑŋ]
ㄎㄤ
k'ang
</td>

<td class="row-gkh col-e col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-gkh col-e" id="ke">
ke
[kʰɯ̯ʌ]
ㄎㄜ
k'e
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="kei">
kei
[kʰeɪ̯]
ㄎㄟ
k'ei
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="ken">
ken
[kʰən]
ㄎㄣ
k'en
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="keng">
keng
[kʰəŋ]
ㄎㄥ
k'eng
</td>

<td class="row-gkh col-e"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-o"></td>

<td class="row-gkh col-o" id="kou">
kou
[kʰɤʊ̯]
ㄎㄡ
k'ou
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-o" id="kong">
kong
[kʰʊŋ]
ㄎㄨㄥ
k'ung
</td>

<td class="row-gkh col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-gkh col-u" id="ku">
ku
[kʰu]
ㄎㄨ
k'u
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="kua">
kua
[kʰu̯ɑ]
ㄎㄨㄚ
k'ua
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="kuai">
kuai
[kʰu̯aɪ̯]
ㄎㄨㄞ
k'uai
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="kui">
kui
[kʰu̯eɪ̯]
ㄎㄨㄟ
k'ui
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="kuo">
kuo
[kʰu̯ɔ]
ㄎㄨㄛ
k'o
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="kuan">
kuan
[kʰu̯an]
ㄎㄨㄢ
k'uan
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="kuang">
kuang
[kʰu̯ɑŋ]
ㄎㄨㄤ
k'uang
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="kun">
kun
[kʰu̯ən]
ㄎㄨㄣ
k'un
</td>

<td class="row-gkh col-u"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <th class="row-gkh last-col" id="k-">k-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="row-gkh first-col" id="h-">h-</th> <td class="row-gkh col-a col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-gkh col-a" id="ha">
ha
[xɑ]
ㄏㄚ
ha
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="hai">
hai
[xaɪ̯]
ㄏㄞ
hai
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="hao">
hao
[xɑʊ̯]
ㄏㄠ
hao
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="han">
han
[xan]
ㄏㄢ
han
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-a" id="hang">
hang
[xɑŋ]
ㄏㄤ
hang
</td>

<td class="row-gkh col-e col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-gkh col-e" id="he">
he
[xɯ̯ʌ]
ㄏㄜ
he
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="hei">
hei
[xeɪ̯]
ㄏㄟ
hei
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="hen">
hen
[xən]
ㄏㄣ
hen
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-e" id="heng">
heng
[xəŋ]
ㄏㄥ
heng
</td>

<td class="row-gkh col-e"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-o col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-o"></td>

<td class="row-gkh col-o" id="hou">
hou
[xɤʊ̯]
ㄏㄡ
hou
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-o" id="hong">
hong
[xʊŋ]
ㄏㄨㄥ
hung
</td>

<td class="row-gkh col-i col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-i"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-u col-placeholder"></td>

<td class="row-gkh col-u" id="hu">
hu
[xu]
ㄏㄨ
hu
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="hua">
hua
[xu̯ɑ]
ㄏㄨㄚ
hua
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="huai">
huai
[xu̯aɪ̯]
ㄏㄨㄞ
huai
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="hui">
hui
[xu̯eɪ̯]
ㄏㄨㄟ
hui
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="huo">
huo
[xu̯ɔ]
ㄏㄨㄛ
ho
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="huan">
huan
[xu̯an]
ㄏㄨㄢ
huan
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="huang">
huang
[xu̯ɑŋ]
ㄏㄨㄤ
huang
</td> <td class="row-gkh col-u" id="hun">
hun
[xu̯ən]
ㄏㄨㄣ
hun
</td>

<td class="row-gkh col-u"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v col-placeholder"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <td class="row-gkh col-v"></td> <th class="row-gkh last-col" id="h-">h-</th> </tr> <tr> <th class="last-row first-col"></th> <th title="Click to expand" class="col-a col-placeholder last-row">-a-</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-a" id="-a">-a</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-a" id="-ai">-ai</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-a" id="-ao">-ao</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-a" id="-an">-an</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-a" id="-ang">-ang</th> <th title="Click to expand" class="col-e col-placeholder last-row">-e-</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-e" id="-e">-e</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-e" id="-ei">-ei</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-e" id="-en">-en</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-e" id="-eng">-eng</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-e" id="-er">-er</th> <th title="Click to expand" class="col-o col-placeholder last-row">-o-</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-o" id="-o">-o</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-o" id="-ou">-ou</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-o" id="-ong">-ong</th> <th title="Click to expand" class="col-i col-placeholder last-row">-i-</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-i" id="-i">-i</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-i" id="-i*">-i*</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-i" id="-ia">-ia</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-i" id="-iao">-iao</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-i" id="-ie">-ie</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-i" id="-iou">-iou</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-i" id="-ian">-ian</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-i" id="-iang">-iang</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-i" id="-in">-in</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-i" id="-ing">-ing</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-i" id="-iong">-iong</th> <th title="Click to expand" class="col-u col-placeholder last-row">-u-</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-u" id="-u">-u</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-u" id="-ua">-ua</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-u" id="-uai">-uai</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-u" id="-uei">-uei</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-u" id="-uo">-uo</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-u" id="-uan">-uan</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-u" id="-uang">-uang</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-u" id="-uen">-uen</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-u" id="-ueng">-ueng</th> <th title="Click to expand" class="col-v col-placeholder last-row">-ü-</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-v" id="-ü"></th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-v" id="-üe">-üe</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-v" id="-üan">-üan</th> <title="Click to collapse" th class="last-row col-v" id="-ün">-ün</th> <th class="last-row last-col"></th> </tr> </table></div>

-a-