Complements with "dao", "gei" and "zai"

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Level B1
Is similar to
Is used for Expressing result, Describing actions
Keywords , ,

One of the cool features of Chinese is complements, and in this article we introduce a few of them.

Structure

One kind of complement in Chinese involves putting 到, 给 or 在 after the verb. These are used to indicate direction, target and location, respectively.

  • 到 (dào) indicates that the action has obtained a goal or a certain state. Any verb that uses the complement can also use 到.
  • 给 (gěi) indicates that you have passed something from one person to another.
  • 在 (zài) indicates a person or thing coming to a certain place. It is usually followed my a location or a place.

Subject + Verb + 到 / 给 / 在 ...

Examples

  • 我 昨天晚上 工作 十二点半I worked until 12:30 last night.
  • 请 你 坐 我 旁 边儿Please come and sit next to me.
  • 我 今天早上 发了 一封 电子邮件 I sent an e-mail to you this morning.

See also

Sources and further reading

Books