Expressing "even more" with "geng"
To express "even more," (as in "even more expensive," "even more ridiculous," "even more badass"), you can use 更 (gèng). 更 (gèng) generally comes before adjectives.
The pattern in Chinese is simple:
更 + Adj.
Note that this pattern is not simply a way of adding "-er" to an adjective or a substitute for 比 (bǐ) comparisons. In each case, you're adding "even more" to an existing considerable amount, as in, "I'm already rich, but I want to be even richer."
- 这 两个 银行 哪 个 更 近 ？Between these two banks, which one is closer?
- 我 想 找 一 个 更 帅 的 男朋友。 It is implied that my boyfriend now is already handsome, but I want to find an even more handsome boyfriend.I want to find a more handsome boyfriend.
- 我 喜欢 在 网上 买书，因为 更 便宜。 I like buying books online because it's cheaper.
- 不要 太 高兴，我们 还 有 更 多 的 工作 要 做。 It is implied that a lot of work has already been done but there is still "even more" work left. Don't get too excited. We still have more work to do.
- 结婚 以后， 她 变 得 更 漂亮 了。She's become more beautiful after she got married.
Structure with 比 (bǐ)
While 更 (gèng) is not a substitute for 比 (bǐ) (the classic comparison word), the two can be used together.
A 比 B + 更 + Adj.
This expresses that "A is even more Adj. than B."
- 北京 的 房子 比 上海 更 贵。The houses in Beijing are even more expensive than those in Shanghai.
- 春节 比中秋节更 热闹。 Spring Festival is even more boisterous than Mid-autumn Festival.
- 汉字 比 声调 更 难。Chinese characters are even more difficult than tones.
- 他 现在 的 女朋友 比 以前 的 更 漂亮。 His current girlfriend is even more beautiful than his previous one.
- 中国 的 高铁 比 飞机 更 方便。 China's high-speed trains are even more convenient than airplanes.
Sources and further reading
- 现代汉语八百词（增订本） (p. 231) →buy
- New Practical Chinese Reader 3 (新实用汉语课本3) (p. 15) →buy
- Chinese: An Essential Grammar, Second Edition (p. 54) →buy