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Reference:A Practical Chinese Grammar For Foreigners (外国人实用汉语语法)

A Practical Chinese Grammar For Foreigners (外国人实用汉语语法) by 李德津, 程美珍

外国人实用汉语语法(修订本)(中英文对照)》是在原版基础之上的修订本。修订者根据学生和教师使用该书的情况以及对外汉语教学的发展,对原书进行了重要的、有价值的增删,使其得到了进一步的完善.《外国人实用汉语语法》初版于1988年,出版以来多次重印,产生了比较广泛的影响。《外国人实用汉语语法(修订本)(中英文对照)》语法讲解简明、细致、清晰,注重用简略的语言作直截了当的说明;内容方面,除了介绍最基本最实用的语法规则之外,还专门从对外汉语教学的角度出发,设立了“表示比较的方法”和“表示强调的方法”等较为实用的章节,使阅读和查找都非常方便;体例方面,每一节中都有一项“使用……要注意的问题”,具有很强的针对性;表格和例句(包括用于对比的错句)的编写非常充分、实用。《外国人实用汉语语法(修订本)(中英文对照)》既可用做汉语学习者的汉语语法教科书,也可用作日常学习查阅的语法手册。书中所有讲解都配有英语翻译,另配有练习册。

Grammar Points by Chapter

Chapter One Introduction

Chapter Two Parts of Speech

  • Words
  • Classification of words
  • Conversion of parts of speech
  • Section I Nouns
  • Section II Verbs
  • Section III Auxiliary verbs
  • Section IV Adjectives
  • Section V Numerals
  • Section VI Measure words
  • Section VII Pronouns
  • Section VIII Adverbs
  • Section IX Prepositions
  • Section X Conjunctions
  • Section XI Particles
  • Section XII Interjections
  • Section XIII Onomatopes
  • Table 1: Relationships Between the Parts of Speech

and the Elements of a Sentence

Chapter Three Phrases

  • Phrases
  • Classification of phrases
  • The basis for classifying phrases
  • Section I The coordinative phrase
  • Section II The Subject – Predicate phrase
  • Section III The Verb – Object phrase
  • Section IV The endocentric phrase
  • Section V The Numeral – Measure word phrase
  • Section VI The complementary phrase
  • Section VII The phrase of locality
  • Section VIII The appositive phrase
  • Section IX The set phrase
  • Section X The prepositional phrase
  • Section XI The 的- phrase
  • Table 2: Phrases and Their Functions

Chapter Four Sentence Elements

  • Section I The subject
  • Section II The predicate
  • Section III The object
  • Section IV The attributive
  • Section V Adverbial adjuncts
  • Section VI Complements
  • Table 3: Relationship of Different Parts of Speech and

Phrases with Complements of Different Kinds

Chapter Five: The Simple Sentence

  • Definition
  • The basic structure of the simple sentence
  • Functions of the simple sentence
  • The classification of sentences

Part One: Classification of sentences in terms of structure

  • Section I Sentences with verbal predicates
  • Section II Sentences with adjectival predicates
  • Section III Sentences with nominal predicates
  • Section IV The sentence with an S-P phrase as the predicate
  • Table 4: The Four Types of Subject-Predicate Sentence
  • Section V The subjectless sentence
  • Section VI The one-word/phrase sentence
  • Section VII The elliptical sentence
  • Table 5: The Three Kinds of Non S-P Sentence

Part Two: Classification of sentences in terms of function

  • Section VIII The declarative sentence
  • Section IX The interrogative sentence
  • Table 6: The Five Types of Questions
  • Section X The imperative sentence
  • Section XI The exclamatory sentence
  • Table 7: The Four Kind of Sentence Classified in Terms of Function

Chapter Six: Aspects of an Action

  • Definition
  • Common ways to indicate the aspect of an action
  • Section I The progressive aspect of an action
  • Section II The continuous aspect of an action
  • Section III The perfect aspect of an action
  • Section IV The changing aspect of an action
  • Section V Actions as past experience
  • Table 8 The five aspects of an action

Chapter Seven Sentences with Special Verbal Predicates

  • Section I The 是-sentence
  • Section II The 有-sentence
  • Section III The 把-sentence
  • Section IV The 被-sentence
  • Section V Sentences with verbal constructions in series
  • Section VI Pivotal sentences
  • Section VII Existential sentences
  • Table 9: Sentences with Special Verb Predicates

Chapter Eight Ways of Expressing Comparison

  • Section I: Using 比 to express comparison
  • Section II: Using 跟 to express comparison
  • Section III: Using 有 to express comparison
  • Section IV: Using 像 to express comparison
  • Section V: Using 不如 to express comparison
  • Section VI: Using 越来越 to express comparison
  • Table 10: Six Ways of Expressing Comparison

Chapter Nine: Ways of Expressing Emphasis

  • Section I Using interrogative pronouns to express emphasis
  • Section II Using 连….都(也)to express emphasis
  • Section III Using the adverb 是 to express emphasis
  • Section IV Using the adverb 就 to express emphasis
  • Section V Using double negation to express emphasis
  • Section VI Using 是….的 to express emphasis
  • Table 11: Six Ways to Express Emphasis

Chapter Ten: Complex Sentences

  • Definition
  • Grammatical features
  • Types of complex sentences
  • Section I Coordinate complex sentences
  • Section II Coordinate complex sentences and correlatives
  • Section III Subordinate complex sentences
  • Section IV Subordinate complex sentences and correlatives
  • Section V The contracted sentence

Appendix I: Grammatical Terms

Appendix II: Reference Books

Grammar Point References to This Book