Reference:Contemporary Chinese 4 (当代中文4)

Contemporary Chinese 4 (当代中文4) by Wu Zhongwei

Contemporary Chinese (当代中文), by Sinolingua, is a comprehensive textbook series on the rise. Book 4 is equivalent to B1-B2 difficulty.

This impressive new text series is intended to teach English-speaking students to develop the ability to communicate in Chinese social settings, as well as read and write characters. With a innovative text layout, utilising pinyin, simplified and traditional characters, and English translation of the dialogues, many cultural notes, pictures, and more.

Grammar Points by Chapter

  1. Lesson One
    • 倒(是) Adverb: actually, on the contrary, ( ... would like to ... )
    • 有(影响) "有" + certain nouns (usually abstract nouns ) may form an adjectival phrase ,and the negative form of this is : "有" + noun.
    • 确实 Adverb: indeed, really
    • 进行 Verb: to be in progress, to carry out ( an action) , to conduct, to engage in
    • 增加 Verb: to increase, to add ( to )
    • 受 Verb: to receive, to accept; to stand, to endure
    • 意识 Noun: consciousness, sense
    • -化 Suffix: -ize; -ify
  2. Lesson Two
    • 以为 Verb: "以为" often refers to an incorrect judgement, while "认为" indicates an opinion
    • 失望 Verb: to be disappointed, to lose hope
    • ......得很 This is a coplement of degree. It means " very " and is always placed after a verb or an abjective
    • 理,理睬 Verb: to pay attention to, to show interest in, to pay heed to .It is usually used in a negative construction, and rarely in an affirmative sentence.
    • 同- Prefix: same, similar, alike
    • -际 Suffix: inter-, between, among
    • 起来 Verb: "起来" means to stand up, sit up, rise up, or arise (originate).
    • 当 Verb: to work as, to serve as, to be
  3. Lesson Three
    • 俩 "俩" means "两个, " therefore "俩" does not require a measure word
    • 管 Verb: to discipline; to be in charge of; to bother about
    • 要求 Verb: to request, to demand, to require, to claim
    • - 方 Suffix: -side
    • 负责 Verb: to be in charge of, to be responsible for
    • 得到 Verb: to get, to obtain, to gain, to receive
    • 同意 Verb: to agree, to consent, to approve
  4. Lesson Four
    • 详细 Adjective: detailed, minute
    • 不利 Adjective: unfavourable, disadvantageous, harmful
    • 好 Adverb: quite (a few, a while) ; very
    • 资金 Noun: capital
    • 总算 Adverb: at long last, finally. This often denotes the fulfillment of a wise, after a long struggle or great effort.
    • 普通 Addjective: common, ordinary, average
    • 目前 Time word: at present, at the moment
    • 莫名其妙 Idiom: odd, inexplicable, without reason ,to be baffled, bafflingly, unaccountable
  5. Lesson Five
    • 中 Verb: to hit, win, fall into, to be hit by
    • 更改 Verb: to change, correct
    • 完全 Adverb: completely, fully, absolutely, entirely
    • 曾经 Adverb: once, formerly
    • -者 Suffix: placed after an adjective or a verb to substitute for a noun (person or a thing)
    • 毕竟 Adverb: after all, in the final analysis, in the end
    • 成 Measure word: one tenth, ten percent
    • 意味着 Verb: to mean, imply, signify
  6. Lesson Six
    • 双 Adjective: two, double, twin, even, dual, both
    • 通过 Verb: to pass, go through, adopt
    • - 性 A suffix indicating a property or characteristic
    • 不下 Verb: to go no lower than, get no less than, tobe at least
    • - 星 Suffix: -star
    • 热烈 Adjective: warm, enthusiastic
    • 接着 Verb: to carry on, continue
    • 正式 Adjective: formal, official
  7. Lesson Seven
    • 网 Noun: net, web
    • 自然 Noun: nature
    • 难看 Adjective: ugly, homely, sickly, ghastly
    • 突然 Adjective: sudden, suddenly, unexpectedly
    • 泡 Verb: to be ommersed in, to be absorbed in, to soak in
    • 终于 Adverb: finally, at last
  8. Lesson Eight
    • 湿漉漉 Adjective: wet,dripping
    • 面对 Verb: to face, confront
    • 自 Preposition: from, since
    • 自觉 Adjective: conscientious, conscious
    • 必须 Auxiliary verb: must
    • 随着 Preposition: along with, in the wake of
    • 负担 Verb: to bear, to shoulder, to assume
  9. Lesson Nine
    • 回心转意 Idiom: to change one's mind, have a change of heart
    • 对付 Verb: to counteract, cope with, tackle
    • 烦 Verb: to irritate, bother,annoy, trouble somebody to do something
    • 转变 Verb: to change, alter, transform
    • - 家 Suffix: -er, -or, -ist, -ian
    • 由于 Conjunction: due to, because of
    • 自然而然 Idiom: naturally, spontaneously
    • 结束 Verb: to end, conclude, wind up
  10. Lesson Ten
    • 无论如何 Adverb: in any case, whatever happens, at any rate
    • 偏偏 Adverb: willfully, only, contrary to expectation
    • 因此 Conjunction: therefore
    • 然而 Conjunction: however, but
    • 无论 Conjunction: regardless of, no matter ( what, how, etc. ) , whether... or...
    • 发 - Prefix: to get (become)
    • 怕 Verb: to be afraid of, fear
  11. Lesson Eleven
    • 无精打采 Idiom: listless, in low spirits, out of sorts
    • 打听 Verb: to inquire about, ask about
    • - 界 Suffix: field, circle, boundary
    • 减少 Verb: to reduce, lessen
    • 浪费 Verb: to waste
    • 同时 Adverb: at the same time, simultaneously
    • 禁止 Verb: to prohibit, forbid
    • 所有 Adjective: all
  12. Lesson Twelve
    • 若干 Numeral: a number of ( typically used in written Chinese )
    • 不断 Adverb: continuously, endlessly, uceasingly
    • 日益 Adverb: increasingly, day by day ( typically used in written Chinese )
    • 往往 Adverb: often, frequently, more often than not
    • 仍旧 Adverb: still, yet
    • 保持 Verb: to keep, maintain, preserve
    • 之间 Location word: among, beween
    • 典型 Adjective: typical, representative