Modal particle

Also known as: 语气助词 (yǔqì zhùcí), 语气词 (yǔqì cí), Sentence-final particle and Sentential particle.

Modal particles are words used at the end of sentences to indicate mood, or attitude. They tend to be neutral tone and hard to translate, but they add a bit of "flavor" to a sentence.

See also particles.


  • (ba)
  • (ne)
  • (ma)
  • (ma)
  • (de)
  • (le)
  • (a)
  • 啦 (la)
  • 哦, 喔, 噢 (o)
  • 呦 (you)
  • 咯 (lo)
  • 哪 (na)
  • 呀 (ya)
  • 哇 (wa)

Sources and further reading