Connecting nouns with "shi"
|Is similar to|
|Is used for||Introducing people, Describing people, Expressing existence, Referring to the present|
The structure for connecting nouns with 是 is:
Noun 1 + 是 + Noun 2
This is equivalent to "Noun 1 is Noun 2" in English.
Chinese does not conjugate verbs. That is, the form of the verb is the same no matter who is doing it. In this case, it is always 是 and never changes. As you can see, it's easy to form simple sentences expressing to be in Chinese.
- 我 是 学生。I am a student.
- 她 是 医生。She is a doctor.
- 他 是 老师。He is a teacher.
- 这 是 书。This is a book.
- 那 是 杯子。That is a cup.
- 她 是 我 的 老板。She is my boss.
- 这 些 是 花。These are flowers.
- 那 是 你的礼物。That is your gift.
- 这 是 我的衣服。This is my clothes.
- 你 是 我的朋友。You are my friend.
Be careful though. As you can see above, 是 is only used to link two nouns. It cannot be used to link a noun and an adjective. This is a very common mistake for people just beginning to learn Chinese. For that kind of sentence, you'll want to use the linking word 很.
Sources and further reading
- Integrated Chinese: Level 1, Part 1 (3rd ed) (pp. 29) →buy
- Chinese: An Essential Grammar, Second Edition (pp. 47-8) →buy
- New Practical Chinese Reader 1 (新实用汉语课本1) (pp. 44) →buy
- New Practical Chinese Reader 1 (新实用汉语课本1)(2nd ed) (pp. 50-1) →buy
- 40 Lessons for Basic Chinese Course (基础汉语40课上册） (p. 62)→buy