Expressing "much more" in comparisons
If you want to up the intensity of your comparisons, you might want to express "much more." You can do this using 多 (duō), but did you know there are actually three different ways to do it?
As well as expressing that two things differ, you might want to go further and say that they differ a lot by adding 很多 (hěn duō), 多了(duō le), or 得多 (de duō). This is like saying that one thing is much more Adj. than another in English.
Noun 1 + 比 + Noun 2 + Adj. + 很多 / 得多 / 多了
- 拼音 比 汉字 容易 很多 。Pinyin is much easier than Chinese characters.
- 坐 高铁 比 坐 飞机 方便 很多 。It's much more convenient to take the high-speed train than the airplane.
- 这 个 女老师 比 那个 男老师 严格 得 多 。This female teacher is much more strict than that male teacher.
- 我 老婆 的 工资 比 我 高 得多 。My wife's salary is much higher than mine.
- 你 比 我 有经验 多了 。You're much more experienced than me.
- 你们 比 我们 幸运 多了 。You're much luckier than us.
- 他 打 篮球 比 我 厉害 多 了 。He plays basketball much better than I do.
Short Form with 多了
Given sufficient context, it's possible to use 多了 without the full comparison pattern. 多了 is the only one of the three "much more" phrases introduced in this article which can be used this way.
Subj. + Adj. + 多了
A few examples:
- 我 的 感冒 好 多了 。We both know I've had this bad cold.My cold is getting much better.
- 最近 天气 暖和 多了 。We're both aware of recent weather, obviously.It's been much warmer lately.
- 上 大学 以后 ，她 成熟 多了 。We both know how immature she used to be.She became much more mature after she went to college.
- Expressing "a bit too"
- Basic comparisons with "bi"
- The "zui" superlative
- Basic comparisons with "bu bi"
Sources and further reading
- New Practical Chinese Reader 4 (新实用汉语课本4) (pp. 20) →buy
- Integrated Chinese: Level 1, Part 2 (3rd ed) (pp. 6- 8) →buy
- East Asia Student: Graded comparisons in Mandarin Chinese