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Express an action and its effect by using "tongguo… shi"

There are multiple ways of stating the effect before the cause and also ways to state the cause before the effect. "通过…… ,使……" (tōngguò……, shǐ) has a similar meaning to cause and effect but can be thought of more specifically as "by doing this..., it causes this..." As a result, the first scenario after 通过 (tōngguò) must include someone doing something or something happening.


通过 + verb (situation occurring),使 resultative situation

Sources and further reading