Proper nouns and common nouns
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- Nouns can generally be preceded by a number-measure word combination.
- Some nouns this is optional, e.g. 小时
- Some nouns can't have a measure word e.g. 年
- Repeating single-character nouns to mean "every [noun]"
- In this case no measure word needed.
- Reduplicated nouns can only be subject or adverbial adjunct.
- Plural nouns
- Often no need to mark plural
- Other elements of sentence can indicate plural, e.g. 都, numbers
- Personal nouns and some animate nouns can be made plural with 们 (but only when nothing else in the sentence marks plural)
- Nouns involving the suffixes 子, 儿, 头
- Nouns can be subject and object.
- Some nouns can be predicate without 是, e.g. 今天晴天.
Types of nouns
Could explain these as different rules can apply