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A1 grammar points with HSK

"A1" (Beginner) is the first and lowest level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). This pages shows the exact HSK Level equivalent of each A1 grammar point (instead of "Examples") for easy comparison between the two systems.

There are 40 total grammar points in the list below.

Parts of Speech

These following grammar points fit pretty neatly into one part of speech category.

Adverbs

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Negation of "you" with "mei" 没 + 有 HSK1
Standard negation with "bu" 不 + Verb / Adj. HSK1
The "all" adverb "dou" 都 + Verb / Adj. HSK1
The "also" adverb "ye" 也 + Verb / Adj. HSK1

Conjunctions

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Expressing "and" with "he" Noun 1 + 和 + Noun 2 HSK1
Offering choices with "haishi" A + 还是 + B ? HSK3

Numbers

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Age with "sui" Subj. + Number + 岁 HSK1
Measure word "ge" Number + 个 + Noun HSK1
Structure of dates Number + 年 + Number + 月 + Number + 日 HSK1
Structure of days of the week 星期 + Number HSK1
Structure of numbers Number + Unit HSK1
Structure of times (basic) Number + 点(钟) HSK1 and HSK3

Particles

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Expressing close possession without "de" Pronoun + Noun HSK1
Expressing possession with "de" Noun 1 + 的 + Noun 2 HSK1
Questions with "ne" ⋯⋯呢 ? HSK1 and HSK3
Suggestions with "ba" Command + 吧 HSK1

Verbs

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Expressing existence in a place with "zai" 在 + Place HSK1
Expressing existence with "you" Place + 有 + Obj. HSK1
Expressing possession with "you" Subj. + 有 + Obj. HSK1
Using the verb "jiao" 叫 + Name HSK1
Using the verb "qu" 去 + Place HSK1
Using the verb "xing" 姓 + Surname HSK2

Auxiliary verbs

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Expressing "be going to" with "yao" Subj. + 要 + Verb (+ 了) HSK2
Expressing a learned skill with "hui" 会 + Verb HSK1
Expressing ability or possibility with "neng" 能 + Verb HSK1
Expressing permission with "keyi" 可以 + Verb HSK2
Wanting to do something with "yao" 要 + Verb HSK2

Verb phrases

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
How to do something with "zenme" 怎么 + Verb ? HSK1
Negation of past actions with "meiyou" 没有 + Verb HSK1
Negative commands with "buyao" 不要 + Verb HSK2

Grammatical Structures

These are grammatical structures that do not correspond to one particular part of speech.

Basics

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Basic sentence order Subj. + Verb (+ Obj.) HSK1
Connecting nouns with "shi" A + 是 + B HSK1
Expressing "excessively" with "tai" 太 + Adj. + 了 HSK1
Simple "noun + adjective" sentences Noun + 很 + Adj. HSK1

Question Forms

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Affirmative-negative question Verb + 不 + Verb / Adj. + 不 + Adj. HSK2
Placement of question words 什么 / 什么时候 / 谁 / 哪儿 / 为什么 / 怎么 HSK1
Tag questions with "bu" ⋯⋯是不是 / 对不对 / 好不好 ? HSK2
Tag questions with "ma" ⋯⋯是吗 / 对吗 / 好吗 ? HSK2
Yes-no questions with "ma" ⋯⋯吗? HSK1

Comparisons of Similar Grammar Points

What's the difference between this grammar point and that grammar point? Check here.

Numbers

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Comparing "er" and "liang" 二 vs 两 HSK2