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Conditions with "yao" and "jiu"

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The 要⋯⋯就⋯⋯ grammar structure can be used to express the same meaning as "如果...就" However, 要⋯⋯就⋯⋯ is more intense and resolute, similar to imperative sentences (command sentences). Therefore, 要⋯⋯就⋯⋯ sentences typically do not have a subject, but they can have a topic. This grammar form is similar to the English "If you want to (verb) just (verb)..."

Structure

要 + Verb + 就 + Verb

Examples

  • 走 ,我们 不 需要 你 。If you want to leave, leave. We don't need you.
  • 买 ,我们 快 关门 了 。If you're going to buy it, buy it now. We are about to close the shop.
  • 说 ,别 吞吞吐吐 。If you're going to say, say it now. Don't mumble.
  • 去 ,不用 等 我们 。If you want to go, go now. You don't need to wait for us.
  • 吃 ,不要 客气 。If you want to eat, go ahead and eat. You don't need to be so polite.

上面的例句中,"就"后面的谓语都是单音节动词的重复。"就"后面的谓语可以有所变化,但通常都是简短的表达,带有催促对方快点行动的含义。

  • 快 点 去 。If you want to go, go fast.
  • 自己 拿 。If you want to eat, go ahead and grab some.
  • 好好 学 。If you want to study it, study it well.
  • 问 清楚 。If you want to ask, be certain about the answers.
  • 早点 订 。If you want to book it, book it soon.

See also

Sources and further reading

Books

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