Complements with "dao", "gei" and "zai"
One of the cool features of Chinese is complements, and in this article we introduce a few of them.
One kind of complement in Chinese involves putting 到, 给 or 在 after the verb. These are used to indicate direction, target and location, respectively.
- 到 (dào) indicates that the action has obtained a goal or a certain state. Any verb that uses the complement 见 can also use 到.
- 给 (gěi) indicates that you have passed something from one person to another.
- 在 (zài) indicates a person or thing coming to a certain place. It is usually followed by a location or a place.
Subj. + Verb + 到 / 给 / 在⋯⋯
- 我 昨天晚上 工作 到 十二点半。I worked until 12:30 last night.
- 我 今天早上 发了 一封 电子邮件 给 你。I sent an e-mail to you this morning.
- 请 你 坐 在 我 旁 边儿。Please come and sit next to me.
Sources and further reading
- New Practical Chinese Reader 2 (新实用汉语课本2) (pp. 240) →buy
- Chinese Grammar Without Tears (简明汉语语法学习手册) (p.93-95) →buy