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Expressing result

The following structures that are used to express results in Chinese are organized according to our grammar points by level. For more information, you can also look at our article on result complements.


A2 Expressing result

Grammar Point (English) Pattern Examples
Cause and effect with "yinwei" and "suoyi" 因为⋯⋯ 所以⋯⋯ 因为 饿 了,所以 吃饭。
Change of state with "le" ⋯⋯了 我 25 岁
Potential complement "-bu dong" for not understanding Verb + 不懂 我 听不
Result complement "-wan" for finishing Verb + 完 (+ 了) 我 说 了。
Result complements "-dao" and "-jian" Verb + 到 / 见 了 吗 ?

B1 Expressing result

Grammar Point (English) Pattern Examples
Direction complement "-qilai" Verb / Adj.+ 起来 天气 热 起来
Expressing "until" with "dao" Verb + 到 + Time / Event 我 昨天 晚上 工作 十二 点 半 。
Result complement "-xiaqu" Verb + 下去 这个 故事 太 无聊 了 ,我 听 不 下去
Result complements Verb + 好 / 完 / 错 我们 吃 了 。

B2 Expressing result

Grammar Point (English) Pattern Examples
Advanced result complements Verb + 住 抓住 那个 小偷 !
Advanced uses of direction complement "-qilai" Verb + 起来 宝宝,你 应该 把 你 的 玩具 起来
Complement "-huai le" Verb + 坏了 了。
Expressing "and then" with "yushi" ⋯⋯ ,于是 ⋯⋯ 他 实在 太 懒 了 ,于是 老板 把 他 辞 了 。
Tricky uses of "dao" Verb + 到 他 做 了 吗 ?
Using "zhao" as complement Verb + 着 宝宝 刚 睡