HSK 1 grammar points with CEFR

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"HSK 1" is the first level of the Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi (HSK). This pages shows the exact CEFR Level equivalent of each HSK 1 grammar point (instead of "Examples") for easy comparison between the two systems.

There are 54 total HSK 1 grammar points in the list below. You may also want to refer to our HSK 1 Standard Course textbook index page.

Parts of Speech

These following grammar points fit pretty neatly into one part of speech category.

Adverbs

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Expressing actions in progress with "zai" (正)在 + Verb A2
Negation of "you" with "mei" 没 + 有 A1
Standard negation with "bu" 不 + Verb / Adj. A1
The "all" adverb "dou" 都 + Verb / Adj. A1
The "also" adverb "ye" 也 + Verb / Adj. A1

Adverbs with Adjectives

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Asking about degree with "duo" Subj. + 多 + Adj. ? A2
Expressing "not very" with "bu tai" 不太 + Adj. A2

Conjunctions

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Expressing "and" with "he" Noun 1 + 和 + Noun 2 A1

Nouns

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
After a specific time with "yihou" Time / Verb + 以后 A2
Before a specific time with "yiqian" Time / Verb + 以前 A2
Time words and word order Subj. + Time⋯⋯ / Time + Subj.⋯⋯ A2

Numbers

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Age with "sui" Subj. + Number + 岁 A1
Measure word "ge" Number + 个 + Noun A1
Structure of dates Number + 年 + Number + 月 + Number + 日 A1
Structure of days of the week 星期 + Number A1
Structure of numbers Number + Unit A1
Structure of times (advanced) Number 1 + 点(钟) + Number 2 + 分 A2
Structure of times (basic) Number + 点(钟) A1

Particles

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Expressing close possession without "de" Pronoun + Noun A1
Expressing completion with "le" Subj. + Verb + 了 + Obj. A2
Expressing "not anymore" with "le" 不 / 没(有) + Verb Phrase + 了 A2
Expressing "now" with "le" New Situation + 了 A2
Expressing possession with "de" Noun 1 + 的 + Noun 2 A1
Questions with "ne" ⋯⋯呢 ? A1
Sentence-final interjection "a" ⋯⋯啊 A2
Softening speech with "ba" ⋯⋯吧 A2
Suggestions with "ba" Command + 吧 A1

Verbs

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Directional verbs "lai" and "qu" 来 / 去 + Place A2
Expressing existence in a place with "zai" 在 + Place A1
Expressing existence with "you" Place + 有 + Obj. A1
Expressing possession with "you" Subj. + 有 + Obj. A1
Polite requests with "qing" 请 + Verb A2
Using the verb "jiao" 叫 + Name A1
Using the verb "qu" 去 + Place A1

Auxiliary verbs

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Expressing ability or possibility with "neng" 能 + Verb A1
Expressing a learned skill with "hui" 会 + Verb A1
Expressing "will" with "hui" 会 + Verb A2
Expressing "would like to" with "xiang" 想 + Verb A2

Verb phrases

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
How to do something with "zenme" 怎么 + Verb ? A1
Indicating location with "zai" before verbs Subj. + 在 + Place + Verb A2
Negation of past actions with "meiyou" 没有 + Verb A1

Grammatical Structures

These are grammatical structures that do not correspond to one particular part of speech.

Basics

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Basic sentence order Subj. + Verb (+ Obj.) A1
Connecting nouns with "shi" A + 是 + B A1
Expressing "excessively" with "tai" 太 + Adj. + 了 A1
Simple "noun + adjective" sentences Noun + 很 + Adj. A1

Noun Phrases

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Expressing "some" with "yixie" 一些 + Noun A2

Numbers and Measure Words

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Counting money Number + 块 / 元 (+ Number + 毛 / 角) (+ 钱) A2
Measure words in quantity questions 几 + Measure Word (+ Noun) ? A2

Question Forms

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Asking how something is with "zenmeyang" ⋯⋯怎么样? A2
Placement of question words 什么 / 什么时候 / 谁 / 哪儿 / 为什么 / 怎么 A1
Questions with "le ma" Verb + 了 + 吗? A2
Yes-no questions with "ma" ⋯⋯吗? A1

Sentence Patterns

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
The "shi... de" construction for emphasizing details 是⋯⋯ 的 B1

Comparisons of Similar Grammar Points

What's the difference between this grammar point and that grammar point? Check here.

Adverbs

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Comparing "bu" and "mei" 不 vs 没 A2