Using the verb "qu"
You can use 去 (qù) whenever you have somewhere to go. It's pretty easy to get a handle on this verb; the only trick is getting used to not needing a word for "to" before the destination.
去 (qù) with Just a Place
The verb 去 (qù) means "to go," and is an easy way to talk about going to places.
Subj. + 去 + [Place]
Notice that you don't need a word to express "to."
- 我 去 公司 。公司 literally means "company" but is often used to mean "office."I'm going to the office.
- 你 去 洗手间 吗？Are you going to the restroom?
- 下午 我 会 去 超市。In the afternoon, I'll go to the supermarket.
- 我们 现在 去 公园。We're going to the park now.
- 晚上 我们 去 酒吧 。你 去 吗 ？Tonight we're going to the bar. Are you going?
You can also use 去 (qù) for asking questions. (Note the use of question words and question particles.)
- A: 你 去 哪儿 ？Where are you going?
- B: 我 去 学校 。I am going to school.
- A: 你 去 我 家 吗？Are you going to my place?
- B: 我 去。literally, "I'm going."Yes.
When answering a yes-no question that uses 去 (qù) you don't need anything following it. However, it's important to note that you cannot just use 去 (qù) when there is no context.
去 (qù) with a Verb
Instead of a place, 去 (qù) can also be followed by some sort of action. The structure then means "go to do (something)," and "go and do (something)."
Subj. + 去 + Verb
- 我 去 工作 。I'm going to work.
- 他 去 上课 。He's going to class.
- 你 想 去 旅行 吗？Would you like to go travel?
- 我们 去 吃饭 吧 。Let's go eat.
- 九 点 我们 去 买 。At 9 o'clock, we'll go buy it.
Sources and further reading
- HSK Standard Course 1 (pp. 50) 40 Lessons for Basic Chinese Course (基础汉语40课上册） →buy
- Integrated Chinese: Level 1, Part 1 (3rd ed) (pp. 106) 40 Lessons for Basic Chinese Course (基础汉语40课上册） →buy
- 现代汉语八百词（增订本） (pp. 455-6) [ →buy]
- Chinese: An Essential Grammar, Second Edition (pp. 67) 40 Lessons for Basic Chinese Course (基础汉语40课上册） →buy