Difference between revisions of "Using "because" with "er" to indicate effect"

 
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{{Grammar Box}}
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{{Grammar Box}}  
  
因为...而...(yīnwèi...ér...) is another structure that can express cause and effect. It is used like this:
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因为⋯⋯,而⋯⋯(yīnwèi...ér...) is another structure that can express cause and effect. It is used like this:
  
 
== Structure ==
 
== Structure ==
  
 
<div class="jiegou">
 
<div class="jiegou">
object + 因(为) + cause + 而 + result
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Subj. + 因(为) + Cause + 而 + Result
 
</div>
 
</div>
  
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==See also==
 
==See also==
  
*[[Cause and Effect with "yinwei" and "suoyi"]]
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*[[Cause and effect with "yinwei" and "suoyi"]]
 
*[[Explaining results with "suoyi"]]
 
*[[Explaining results with "suoyi"]]
  
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=== Books ===
 
=== Books ===
  
* [[New Practical Chinese Reader 5 (新实用汉语课本5)]] (pp. 92)  [http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/7561914083/ref%3das_li_ss_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=allset-20&linkCode=as2&camp=217145&creative=399369&creativeASIN=7561914083 →buy]
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{{Source|New Practical Chinese Reader 5 (新实用汉语课本5)|92}}
  
===Websites===
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=== Websites ===
  
 
* Yale Chinese Usage Dictionary: [http://comet.cls.yale.edu/chineseusagedictionary/0235.html Usage of 而]
 
* Yale Chinese Usage Dictionary: [http://comet.cls.yale.edu/chineseusagedictionary/0235.html Usage of 而]
  
 
[[Category: B2 grammar points]]
 
[[Category: B2 grammar points]]
{{Basic Grammar|因为|B2|因为……,而……|饭店 <em>因为</em> 物价 上涨 <em>而</em> 涨价 。|grammar point|ASGL1V0A}}
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{{Basic Grammar|因为|B2|因为⋯⋯ ,而⋯⋯|饭店 <em>因为</em> 物价 上涨 <em>而</em> 涨价 。|grammar point|ASGL1V0A}}
 
{{Rel char|而}}
 
{{Rel char|而}}
{{Similar|Cause and Effect with "yinwei" and "suoyi"}}
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{{Similar|Cause and effect with "yinwei" and "suoyi"}}
{{Similar|Explaining results with "suoyi"}}
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{{Similar|Expressing "as a result" with "jieguo"}}
 
{{Similar|"Since" with "jiran"}}   
 
{{Similar|"Since" with "jiran"}}   
 
{{Used for|Indicating cause and effect}}
 
{{Used for|Indicating cause and effect}}

Latest revision as of 08:45, 5 January 2018

因为⋯⋯,而⋯⋯(yīnwèi...ér...) is another structure that can express cause and effect. It is used like this:

Structure

Subj. + 因(为) + Cause + 而 + Result

Sometimes, 因为 can be shortened to just 因. This is used more in sentences that shorter and more succinct.

Examples

  • 因为 生病 请假。Because I got sick, I asked for time off.
  • 欧洲 的 经济 因为 债务 危机 陷入 衰退。Because Europe is suffering a debt crisis, it is falling into decline.
  • 首相 因为 受贿 丑闻 下 了 台。Because the prime minister accepted bribes, he fell from power.
  • 伦敦 地铁 罢工 处于 瘫痪 状态。Because of the London Metro strike, everything shut down.

See also

Sources and further reading

Books

Websites

HSK5