Difference between revisions of "Using "because" with "er" to indicate effect"

 
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...因为...而 (...yīnwèi...ér) (...because of ''cause'' A so ''result'' B).
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{{Grammar Box}}
  
Here are some examples:
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因为⋯⋯,而⋯⋯(yīnwèi...ér...) is another structure that can express cause and effect. It is used like this:
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== Structure ==
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<div class="jiegou">
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Subj. + 因(为) + Cause + 而 + Result
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</div>
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Sometimes, 因为 can be shortened to just 因. This is used more in sentences that shorter and more succinct.
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== Examples ==
  
 
<div class="liju">
 
<div class="liju">
* <em>因为</em> 长得 很 胖 <em>而</em> 被 同学 欺负。
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* <em>因为</em> 生病 <em>而</em> 请假。<span class="trans">Because I got sick, I asked for time off.</span>
* <em>因为</em> 今晚 要 自习 <em>而</em> 无法 参与 课外 活动。
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* 欧洲 的 经济 <em>因为</em> 债务 危机 <em>而</em> 陷入 衰退。<span class="trans">Because Europe is suffering a debt crisis, it is falling into decline.</span>
* 许多 慈善 机构 <em>因为</em> 缺钱 <em>而</em> 倒闭。
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* 首相 <em>因为</em> 受贿 丑闻 <em>而</em> 下 了 台。<span class="trans">Because the prime minister accepted bribes, he fell from power.</span>
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* 伦敦 地铁 <em>因</em> 罢工 <em>而</em> 处于 瘫痪 状态。<span class="trans">Because of the London Metro strike, everything shut down.</span>
 
</div>
 
</div>
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==See also==
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*[[Cause and effect with "yinwei" and "suoyi"]]
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*[[Explaining results with "suoyi"]]
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== Sources and further reading ==
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=== Books ===
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{{Source|New Practical Chinese Reader 5 (新实用汉语课本5)|92}}
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=== Websites ===
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* Yale Chinese Usage Dictionary: [http://comet.cls.yale.edu/chineseusagedictionary/0235.html Usage of 而]
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[[Category: B2 grammar points]]
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{{Basic Grammar|因为|B2|因为⋯⋯ ,而⋯⋯|饭店 <em>因为</em> 物价 上涨 <em>而</em> 涨价 。|grammar point|ASGL1V0A}}
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{{Rel char|而}}
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{{Similar|Cause and effect with "yinwei" and "suoyi"}}
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{{Similar|Expressing "as a result" with "jieguo"}}
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{{Similar|"Since" with "jiran"}} 
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{{Used for|Indicating cause and effect}}
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{{Used for|Indicating conditions}}
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{{Used for|Sequencing events in time}}
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{{Translation|because}}
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{{Structure|Cause/Effect Statements}}

Latest revision as of 08:45, 5 January 2018

因为⋯⋯,而⋯⋯(yīnwèi...ér...) is another structure that can express cause and effect. It is used like this:

Structure

Subj. + 因(为) + Cause + 而 + Result

Sometimes, 因为 can be shortened to just 因. This is used more in sentences that shorter and more succinct.

Examples

  • 因为 生病 请假。Because I got sick, I asked for time off.
  • 欧洲 的 经济 因为 债务 危机 陷入 衰退。Because Europe is suffering a debt crisis, it is falling into decline.
  • 首相 因为 受贿 丑闻 下 了 台。Because the prime minister accepted bribes, he fell from power.
  • 伦敦 地铁 罢工 处于 瘫痪 状态。Because of the London Metro strike, everything shut down.

See also

Sources and further reading

Books

Websites

HSK5