Result complement "-wan" for finishing
On its own, 完 (wán) means "to finish" or "to complete." Using it in this grammar structure, it expresses the idea of doing some action to completion.
Subj. + Verb + 完 (+ 了) + Obj.
Frequently, you'll also see a 了 (le) at the end, indicating completion.
- 我 说 完 了 。I am finished talking.
- 你 吃 完 了 吗 ？ Are you done eating?
- 我 想 看 完 这个 电影 。I want to finish watching the movie.
- 你 做 完 以后 ，就 可以 下班 了 。 After you finish doing it, you can get off work.
- 你 今天 可以 做 完 作业 吗？Can you finish doing your homework today?
- 你 什么时候 可以 看 完 这 本 书 ？When can you finish reading this book?
- 妈妈 洗 完 衣服 以后，就 去 做 晚饭 了。After mom finished washing clothes, she went to cook dinner.
- 做 完 这些 作业 需要 两 个 小时 。To finish your homework you will need two hours.
- 看 完 以后 告诉 我 。Tell me when you have finished watching.
- 我们 学 完 了 一百 个 词 。We have finished learning 100 words.
In English we say "I finished the movie," or "I finished supper," but in Chinese you should explicitly use the verb implied in English along with 完了 (wán le) to emphasize that you completed the action: "watch the movie (till the end)" or "eat (all my) supper."
- 我 完 了 电影 。
- 我看 完 了 电影 。To tell us that you watched it till the end.I finished watching the movie.
Sources and further reading
- A Practical Chinese Grammar For Foreigners (外国人实用汉语语法) (pp. 273-84) →buy
- Chinese: An Essential Grammar, Second Edition (pp. 97-9) →buy
- Integrated Chinese: Level 1, Part 2 (pp. 42) →buy
- Integrated Chinese: Level 1, Part 2 (pp. 86) →buy
- Integrated Chinese: Level 2, Part 1 (pp. 152-3) →buy
- New Practical Chinese Reader 2 (新实用汉语课本2) (pp. 87-8) →buy
- Practicing HSK Grammar (语法精讲精炼) (pp. 186-7) →buy