Jump to: navigation, search

Result complement "xiaqu"

(Redirected from ASG1PTJX)

下去 (xiàqù) can be used as a result complement to talk about things continuing or carrying on. Think of it as a figurative way of "keeping the ball rolling" (downhill).

Affirmative Form

Structure

Subj. + Verb + 下去

Examples

  • 下去Shuō xiàqù.Keep talking.
  • 这 本 书 你 一定 要 认真 地 下去Zhè běn shū nǐ yīdìng yào rènzhēn de kàn xiàqù.You must keep reading this book carefully.
  • 这样做 很 有 意义 ,你 应该 下去Zhèyàng zuò hěn yǒu yìyì, nǐ yīnggāi zuò xiàqù.It's very meaningful to do this. You should keep doing it.
  • 他 走 了 ,因为 他 没脸 下去 了 。Tā zǒu le, yīnwèi tā méiliǎn dāi xiàqù le.He left because he felt shame if he stayed.
  • 你 不能 这样 生活 下去 了 。Nǐ bù néng zhèyàng shēnghuó xiàqù le.You can't keep living like this.

Negative Form

Strictly speaking, simply adding 不 in front of the main verb is all it takes to create the negative form. But it's actually more common to use this negative potential complement form. So it's not just "not go on" (doing something), but actually "can't go on" (doing something).

Structure

Subj. + Verb + 不 + 下去 (+ 了)

Note that 了 is often used when it's negated.

Examples

  • 这个 故事 太 无聊 了 ,我 听 不 下去 Zhège gùshi tài wúliáo le, wǒ tīng bu xiàqù le.This story is too boring, I can't keep listening.
  • 这个 电影 太 暴力 了 ,我 看 不 下去 Zhège diànyǐng tài bàolì le, wǒ kàn bu xiàqù le.This movie is too violent. I can't keep watching it.
  • 你 说话 太 恶心 了 ,我 吃 不 下去 Nǐ shuōhuà tài ěxīn le, wǒ chī bu xiàqù le.The way you talk is so disgusting. I can't continue eating my food.
  • 这个 宾馆 太 脏 了 ,我 待 不 下去 Zhège bīnguǎn tài zāng le, wǒ dāi bu xiàqù le.This hotel is too dirty. I can't stay here any longer.
  • 我 跟 他 过 不 下去 ,我 要 离婚 。Wǒ gēn tā guò bu xiàqù le, wǒ yào líhūn.I can't go on like this with him. I want a divorce.

Used with 再

When the adverb comes before the verb, there's an implication that if "things keep going on this way," then something bad is going to happen.

A few examples:

  • 下去 输光 的 。zàixiàqù huì shūguāng de.If you keep gambling, you're going to lose all your money.
  • 下去 醉 了 。 zàixiàqù jiù zuì le.if you keep drinking you're going to get drunk .

See also

Sources and further reading

Books