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Result complement "xiaqu"

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下去 (xiàqù) can be used as a result complement to talk about things continuing or carrying on. Think of it as a figurative way of "keeping the ball rolling" (downhill).

Affirmative Form

Structure

Subj. + Verb + 下去

Examples

  • 下去Shuō xiàqù.Keep talking.
  • 这样做 很 有 意义 ,你 应该 下去Zhèyàng zuò hěn yǒu yìyì, nǐ yīnggāi zuò xiàqù.It's very meaningful to do this. You should keep doing it.
  • 他 走 了 ,因为 他 没脸 下去 了 。Tā zǒu le, yīnwèi tā méiliǎn dāi xiàqù le.He left because he didn't have a face to keep staying.
  • 下去 你 就 死定 了 。Zài wán xiàqù nǐ jiù sǐ dìng le.You'll be dead if you keep playing.
  • 你 不能 这样 生活 下去 了 。Nǐ bù néng zhèyàng shēnghuó xiàqù le.You can't keep living like this.

Negative Form

Structure

Subj. + Verb + 不 + 下去 + 了

Note that 了 is mostly used when it's negated.

Examples

  • 这个 故事 太 无聊 了 ,我 听 不 下去 Zhège gùshi tài wúliáo le, wǒ tīng bu xiàqù le.This story is too boring, I don't want to keep listening.
  • 这个 电影 太 暴力 了 ,我 看 不 下去 Zhège diànyǐng tài bàolì le, wǒ kàn bu xiàqù le.This scene in the movie is too cruel. I can't keep watching it.
  • 你 说话 太 恶心 了 ,我 吃不 下去 Nǐ shuōhuà tài ěxīn le, wǒ chī bu xiàqù le.The way you talk is so disgusting. I can't continue with my food.
  • 这个 宾馆 太 脏 了 ,我 待 不 下去 Zhège bīnguǎn tài zāng le, wǒ dāi bu xiàqù le.This hotel is too dirty. I can't stay here any longer.
  • 我 跟 他 过 不 下去 ,我 要 离婚 。Wǒ gēn tā guò bu xiàqù le, wǒ yào líhūn.I can't keep living a life with him. I want a divorce.

See also

Sources and further reading

Books