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Expressing "not only... but also"

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不但⋯⋯,而且⋯⋯ (bùdàn..., érqiě...) is a very commonly used pattern that indicates "not only, ... but also...."

Used with Single Subject

Structure

Subj. + 不但 ⋯⋯ ,而且 ⋯⋯

The same subject should apply to both the first part and the second part (the part after 而且).

The pattern can also be used omitting 而且, and instead using adverbs like 也 and 还 in its place.

Examples

  • 这个 东西 不但 贵 ,而且 难 买 。Zhège dōngxi bùdàn guì, érqiě nán mǎi .This thing is not only expensive, but also hard to buy.
  • 这 道 菜 不但 好看 , 好吃 。Zhè dào cài bùdàn hǎokàn, hǎochī.This dish is not only good-looking, but also delicious.
  • 不但 聪明 ,而且 很 幽默 。bùdàn cōngming, érqiě hěn yōumò.She is not only smart, but also very humorous.
  • 不但 离开 了 我 , 拿走 了 我 所有 的 钱 。bùdàn líkāi le wǒ, hái názǒu le wǒ suǒyǒu de qián.Not only did she leave me, but she also took all my money.
  • 不但 提前 做 完 了 ,而且 做 得 很 好 。bùdàn tíqián zuò wán le, érqiě zuò de hěn hǎo.Not only did he finish it in advance, but he did it very well.

Used with Two Subjects

When there is only one subject with 不但⋯⋯而且⋯⋯, the subject has to come at the beginning of the sentence, before both 不但 and 而且. When using two different subjects, however, you need to put one after 不但 and one after 而且.

Structure

不但 + Subj. 1 ⋯⋯ ,而且 + Subj. 2 + 也 ⋯⋯

The pattern can also be used omitting 而且, and instead using adverbs like 也 in its place.

Examples

  • 不但 大学生 找工作 难 ,而且 研究生 不容易 。Bùdàn dàxuéshēng zhǎo gōngzuò nán, érqiě yánjiūshēng bù róngyì.Not only is it hard to find a job for undergraduates, but it's also hard for graduate students.
  • 这个 电影 不但 孩子们 喜欢 ,大人 很 喜欢 。 Zhège diànyǐng bùdàn háizi men xǐhuan, dàren hěn xǐhuan.Not only do children like this movie, but adults like it too.
  • 不但 员工 压力 大 ,老板 压力 很 大 。Bùdàn yuángōng yālì dà, lǎobǎn yālì hěn dà.Not only are the employees under a lot of pressure, but the boss is under a lot of pressure too.
  • 老师 发现 ,不但 学生 说谎 ,而且 家长 说谎 。Lǎoshī fāxiàn, bùdàn xuéshēng shuōhuǎng, érqiě jiāzhǎng shuōhuǎng.The teacher found that not only did the student lie, but their parents did too.
  • 不但 老百姓 害怕 这些 人 ,警察 害怕 。Bùdàn lǎobǎixìng hàipà zhèxiē rén, érqiě jǐngchá hàipà.Not only do the ordinary people fear these people, but the police also fear them too.

See also

Sources and further reading

Books

Websites