HSK 6 grammar points with CEFR

"HSK 6" is the sixth and highest level of the Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi (HSK). This pages shows the exact CEFR Level equivalent of each HSK 6 grammar point (instead of "Examples") for easy comparison between the two systems.

There are 53 total HSK 6 grammar points in the list below. You may also want to refer to our HSK 6 Standard Course textbook index page.

Parts of Speech

These following grammar points fit pretty neatly into one part of speech category.

Adverbs

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Advanced usages of the contrary "dao" Subject + Verb + 得 + 倒 + Adjective C1
Emphasizing with "henshi" Subj. + 很是 + Adj. C1
Expressing "a full" with "zuzu" 足足 + Verb C1
Expressing "again and again" with "yizai" Subj. + 一再 + Verb C1
Expressing "always previously" with "xianglai" Subject + 向来(都) + Verb/Verb Phrase C1
Expressing "as expected" with "guoran" 果然 + Predicate C1
Expressing "as if" with "sihu" Subj. + 似乎 ⋯⋯ C1
Expressing "as long as" with "fanshi" 凡是 + Noun 都 / 就 / 一律 + Predicate C1
Expressing "contrary to expectations" with "pianpian" A ,Subject + 偏偏 + B C1
Expressing "no exception" with "yilu" 一律 + Predicate C1
Expressing "nothing but" with "wufei" 无非 + 是 + Verb / Noun C1
Expressing "when the time comes" with "dao shihou" A, 到时候 + B C1
Expressing "why" with "hebi" Subj. + 何必 + Predicate C1

Auxiliary Words

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Expressing that something has already happened with "laizhe" Sentence + 来着 C1

Conjunctions

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Expressing "as well as" with "yiji" Subj. + 何必 + Predicate C1
Expressing "in short" with "zongzhi" (⋯⋯ ,)总之 ,⋯⋯ C1
Indicating contrast with "ze" Clause 1,+ 则 + Clause 2 C1
"In order to avoid" with "yimian" 以免 + Verb Phrase C1

Nouns

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Expressing "your side" with "ben" 本 + Noun C1
Indicating a characteristic with "xing" Word + 性 C1

Particles

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Expressing "is or is not" with "shifou" 是否 + Verb/Adjective C1
Expressing possession with "zhi" Noun + 之 + Noun C1
Expressing the self-evident with "ma" Statement + 嘛 B1
Expressing "whether or not" with "yufou" Verb/Adjective + 与否 C1
Using the particle "bei" Sentence + 呗 C1

Prepositions

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Expressing "in light of" with "jianyu" 鉴于 + observation, conclusion/suggestion C1

Sentence patterns

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Adding emphasis with "fei....buke" Subj. + 非(要) + Verb Phrase (+ 不可) C1
"Could it be that" with "qibushi" 岂不是 + rhetorical question C1
Expressing "at the same time" with "jian" Subject + 兼 + Verb + A + 和 + B C1
Expressing "could it be possible that" with "mofei" Subject + 莫非 + rhetorical question C1
Expressing "from this" with "youci" 由此 + Verb C1
Expressing “must" with "feidei" 非得 + Action + 不可/不行/不成 C1
Expressing "nothing is more...than" with "moguoyu" Object 1 + 莫过于 + Object 2 C1
Expressing "Prefer...rather than" with "yuqi...buru" 与其 + A,宁可 / 宁愿 / 宁肯)+ B C1
Expressing "similar to" with "gen... shide" 跟 + Noun/Pronoun/Adjective + 似的 C1
Expressing "to be worthy of" with "bukuishi" 不愧是(不愧为)+ N C1
Expressing who is in charge with "you... zuozhu" Area of responsibility + 由 + Person(s) + 做主 C1
Stating two or more reasons with "yilai...erlai" 一来 + Reason 1 ,二来 + Reason 2 C1

Verbs

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Expressing "I bet" using "liang" 谅 + Subject + Verb phrase C1

Verb phrases

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Expressing something is "not worth doing" with "buxie" Subject + 不屑(于) + Verb C1

Grammatical Structures

These are grammatical structures that do not correspond to one particular part of speech.

Sentence Patterns

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Additional way to express "in the name of" Subj. + 借 + noun + 之名 + situation C1
Express an action and its effect by using "tongguo… shi" 通过 + verb (situation occurring),使 resultative situation C1
Expressing "inevitably" with "shibi" 势必 C1
Use "tangruo" to express "if" 倘若 + resultative situation C1

Comparisons of Similar Grammar Points

What's the difference between this grammar point and that grammar point? Check here.

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Comparing "budebu" and "zhihao" 不得不 vs 只好 C1
Comparing "fan'er" and “que" 反而 vs 却 C1
Comparing "genben" and "daodi" 根本 vs 到底 C1
Comparing "genju" and "ju" 根据 vs 据 C1
Comparing "huifu" and "huanyuan" 恢复 vs 还原 C1
Comparing "juran" and "fan'er" 居然 vs 反而 C1
Comparing "yishi" and "yidu" 一度 vs 一时 C1

Nouns

Grammar Point (English) Pattern CEFR Level
Comparing "renjia" and "bieren" 人家 vs. 别人 B1