B2 grammar points with HSK

"B2" (Upper Intermediate) is the fourth level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). This pages shows the exact HSK Level equivalent of each B2 grammar point (instead of "Examples") for easy comparison between the two systems.

There are 154 total grammar points in the list below.

Parts of Speech

These following grammar points fit pretty neatly into one part of speech category.

Adjectives

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Adjectival complement "de budeliao" Adj. + 得不得了 HSK5
Adjectival complement "de hen" Adj. + 得 很 HSK5
Expressing "a bit too" Adj. + 了 + (一) 点儿 HSK5
Saying "a lot" with "youdeshi" Subj. + 有的是 + Noun HSK5

Adverbs

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Advanced uses of "dou" Subj. + 都 + Predicate HSK5
Advanced uses of "hai" Subj. + 还 + Predicate + 呢 HSK5
Advanced uses of "zong" 总 + Media + Verb HSK5
Assessing situations with "kanlai" 看来 + Judgment to the Situation;在 + Person + 看来 HSK4
Declaring the only option with "zhihao" 只好 + Verb Phrase HSK4
Emphatic adverb "ke" 可 + Adj. (+ 了) HSK4
Expressing "after all" with "bijing" 毕竟 HSK5
Expressing a last chance with "zaibu... jiu..." 再不…… 就…… HSK5
Expressing "almost" using "chadian mei" Subj. + 差点没 + Verb HSK5
Expressing "anyway" with "fanzheng" 反正 HSK5
Expressing "as much as possible" with "jinliang" 尽量 + Verb HSK5
Expressing concern with "kongpa" 恐怕 + Subj. ⋯⋯ HSK4
Expressing difficulty with "hao (bu) rongyi" 好(不)容易 HSK5
Expressing "even" with "shenzhi" 甚至 HSK4
Expressing "feel free" with "jinguan" 尽管 + Verb HSK5
Expressing "have to" with "budebu" Subj. + 不得不 + Verb HSK4
Expressing "in the end" with "daodi" 到底 HSK4
Expressing "in the end" with "jiujing" 究竟 HSK4
Expressing "just" do it with "gancui" Subj. + 干脆 + Verb Phrase HSK5
Expressing "nearly" with "jihu" Subj. + 几乎 + Verb HSK3
Expressing "never again" with "zai ye bu" Subj. + 再也 + 不 + Verb Phrase + 了 HSK5
Expressing "once" with "cengjing" Subj. + 曾经 + Verb + 过 (+ Obj.) HSK5
Expressing "originally" with "benlai" 本来⋯⋯ HSK4
Expressing "over and over again" with "zaisan" 再三 + Verb HSK5
Expressing "simply" with "jianzhi" 简直⋯⋯ HSK5
Expressing "since the beginning" with "yixiang" 一向 + Verb HSK6
Expressing "to make certain" with "qianwan" 千万 + Verb/Verb Phrase HSK4
Expressing wasted efforts with "bai" 白 + Verb HSK5
Expressing "while you're at it" with "shunbian" Subj. +Verb Phrase 1,顺便 + Verb Phrase 2 HSK5
Repeated actions in the past with "you" Subj. + Verb + 了 + 又 + Verb HSK5
Rhetorical questions with "nandao" 难道⋯⋯? HSK4
The opposite of "chabuduo" is "cha hen duo" Subj. + 差很多 HSK5

Auxiliary Words

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Listing things with "a" ⋯⋯啊,⋯⋯啊 HSK5

Conjunctions

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Expressing "and then" with "yushi" ⋯⋯ ,于是 ⋯⋯ HSK4
Using "er" to explain contrasting ideas Sentence 1, + 而 + Sentence 2 HSK4

Nouns

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Expressing "among" with "dangzhong" 当中 HSK5
Expressing "each other" with "bici" 彼此 + Verb HSK5
Expressing "when" using "dang" 当……的时候,…… HSK5
Expressing "within (it/them)" with "qizhong" 其中 HSK4
Name-calling with "zhege" Noun + 这个 + Category HSK5

Particles

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Advanced "le" after an object Verb + Obj. + 了 HSK5
Advanced "le" with complements Subj. + Verb + 了 + Complement HSK5
Marking a topic with "ma" Statement + 嘛 HSK5
Softening the tone of questions with "ne" ⋯⋯呢? HSK5

Prepositional Phrase

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Defining upper and lower limits 级别 / 次序 / 数目 + 以上 / 以下 HSK5

Prepositions

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Expressing "along with…" with "suizhe" 随着 A + 的 + Verb, Subj. + Predicate HSK4
Expressing "ever since" with "zicong" (自)从⋯⋯ HSK5
Expressing "for…" with "eryan" 对 + Person / Group + 而言 ,⋯⋯ HSK5
Expressing "including" with "zainei" (包括)⋯⋯ 在内 ,⋯⋯ HSK5
Expressing "on the basis of" with "ping" 凭⋯⋯ HSK5
Expressing passive voice with "gei" Receiver + 给 + The Doer + 给 + Verb Phrase HSK5
Expressing "with regards to" with "zhiyu" 至于 + Topic, Comment HSK5
Limiting scope with "jiu" 就⋯⋯ (来说 / 而言) HSK5
Opportune timing with "chen" 趁 + Situation / Opportunity…… HSK5

Sentence Patterns

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Emphasizing a negation with "bing" Subj. + 并 + 不 + Verb / Adj. HSK4
Expressing "if it were not for" with "yaobushi" 要不是 ⋯⋯ ( 的话 ),⋯⋯ HSK5
Expressing "thanks to" with "duokui" Good Outcome ,多亏 (了) + Lucky Incident HSK5
Expressing "that's all" with "eryi" Subj. + (仅仅) + 是 + Obj. + 而已 HSK5
Using "jiang" as a formal "ba" Subj. + 将 + Obj. + Verb Phrase HSK5

Verbs

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Challenging a verb with "shenme" Verb + 什么 + Obj. HSK5
Comparing specifically with "xiang" Noun 1 + 不像 + Noun 2 + 这么 / 那么 + Adj. / Verb HSK5
Comparisons with "biqi" 比起 + B (+ 来) ,A ~ HSK5
Comparisons with "buru" 不如⋯⋯ HSK5
Making "-ize" and "-ify" verbs with "hua" Noun / Adj. + 化 HSK5
Using "nanguai" as a verb 难怪 + Specific Person / People …… HSK5

Auxiliary verbs

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Expressing future with "jiang" Subj. + 将 / 将要 / 将会 + Verb Phrase HSK5

Verb phrases

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Combining verbs with "bing" Verb Phrase 1 + 并 / 并且 + Verb Phrase 2 HSK4
Emphasizing the doer of an action with "you" 由 + Person + Verb HSK4
Expressing "hard to avoid" with "nanmian" (Subj. +) 难免 + Verb Phrase HSK5
Expressing "moreover" with "bingqie" Verb Phrase 1 + 并 / 并且 + Verb Phrase 2 HSK4
Expressing "to be worth" doing with "zhide" 值得 + Verb HSK4
Indicating negative impact with "haide" 害得 + Verb Phrase HSK4
Passive verbs with "shou" 受 + Verb HSK5
Using "zhe" when "verbing away" Verb + 着 + Verb + 着 + 就 + Comment + 了 HSK4

Grammatical Structures

These are grammatical structures that do not correspond to one particular part of speech.

Adverbs with Adjectives

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Expressing "especially" with "gewai" 格外 + verb HSK5

"But" Statements

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Expressing "although" with "jinguan" 尽管⋯⋯,但是⋯⋯ HSK4
Expressing contrariness with "dao" 倒⋯⋯ HSK4
Expressing "on the contrary" with "fan'er" ⋯⋯,反而 ⋯⋯ HSK5
The "however" adverb "que" ⋯⋯,却⋯⋯ HSK4

Cause/Effect Statements

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Expressing "due to…" with "youyu" 由于⋯⋯,⋯⋯ HSK4
Expressing "since" with "jiran" 既然⋯⋯,就⋯⋯ HSK4
Expressing "therefore" with "yinci" ⋯⋯,因此⋯⋯ HSK4
Stating the effect before the cause 之所以 ⋯⋯ ,是因为 / 是为了 / 是想 ⋯⋯ HSK5

Complements

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Advanced degree complements Adj. + 得 + 很 / 不得了 / 要命 / 不行 HSK5
Advanced potential complements Verb + 得了 / 不了 HSK5
Advanced result complements "zhu", "kai", and "chulai" Verb + 住 / 开 / 出(来) HSK5
Advanced uses of direction complement "-qilai" Verb + 起来 HSK4
Complement "-huai le" Verb + 坏了 HSK5
Complement "-zhao" Verb + 着 HSK5
Tricky uses of "dao" Verb + 到 HSK5
Using "lai" and "qu" when "verbing around" Verb + 来 + Verb + 去 HSK5

Conditional Statements

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Expressing "as long as" with "zhiyao" 只要⋯⋯,就⋯⋯ HSK3 and HSK4
Expressing "once...then..." with "yidan...jiu..." 一旦⋯⋯,就⋯⋯ HSK5
Expressing "only after" with "cai" ⋯⋯,才⋯⋯ HSK3
Expressing "only if" with "zhiyou" 只有⋯⋯,才⋯⋯ HSK3
Expressing "unless" with "chufei" 除非⋯⋯ ,才⋯⋯ HSK4

"Even If" Statements

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Expressing "even if…" with "jishi" 即使⋯⋯,也⋯⋯ HSK4
Expressing "even if…" with "jiushi" 就是⋯⋯,也⋯⋯ HSK5
Expressing "even if…" with "jiusuan" 就算⋯⋯ ,也⋯⋯ HSK5
Expressing "even if…" with "napa" 哪怕⋯⋯,也⋯⋯ HSK5

"If" Statements

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Expressing "if… then…" with "jiaru" 假如⋯⋯,就⋯⋯ HSK5
Expressing "if… then…" with "yaoshi" 要是⋯⋯,就⋯⋯ HSK4
Expressing "what if" with "wanyi" 万一 ⋯⋯ 怎么办 ? HSK5
Marking a topic with "de hua" Topic + 的话 ,Comment HSK5

"No Matter" Statements

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Expressing "no matter" with "buguan" 不管⋯⋯,都 / 也⋯⋯ HSK4
Expressing "no matter" with "wulun" 无论 / 不论⋯⋯,都 / 也⋯⋯ HSK4

Sentence Patterns

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Advanced uses of "ba" 把 + Noun + Verb⋯⋯ HSK5
Advanced uses of "lian" 连 + Verb + 都 + 不 / 没 + Verb (,就 ⋯⋯) HSK4
Basic comparisons with "bu bi" Noun 1 + 不比 + Noun 2 + Adj. HSK5
Conditions with "yao" and "jiu" 要 + Verb + 就 + Verb …… HSK5
Expressing "any" with "renhe" 任何 + Noun + 都 / 也 …… HSK4
Expressing "both… and…" with "ji...you" 既⋯⋯也 / 又⋯⋯ HSK4
Expressing "can't do without" with "shaobuliao" Subj. + 少不了 + Noun / Verb Phrase HSK5
Expressing "equal to" with "dengyu" A, 等于 B HSK5
Expressing "from" with "cong... zhong" 从 + noun + 中 + result HSK5
Expressing indifference with "jiu" Verb + 就 + Verb HSK5
Expressing "no" (noun) "to" (verb) with "wu... ke..." 无 + Noun + 可 + Verb HSK5
Expressing "not even one" 一 + Measure Word + (Noun) + 也 / 都 + 不 / 没 + Verb HSK3
Expressing "not only..., even..." using "budan..., shenzhi lian" Subj. + 不但 ⋯⋯ ,甚至连 + New Subject + 也 + Matching Situation HSK5
Expressing purpose with "hao" Action ,好 + Purpose HSK5
Expressing "related to..." with "you guan de" 跟 / 和 + Topic + 有关的 + Noun HSK5
Expressing simultaneous actions with "yimian" 一面⋯⋯,一面⋯⋯ HSK5
Expressing "so-called" with "suowei" 所谓 + (的) Noun Phrase HSK5
Expressing "the more... the more..." with "yue… yue…" Subj.+越+Verb+越 + Adj. / Verb HSK3
Expressing the only two possibilities 不是⋯⋯,就是⋯⋯ HSK5
Expressing "within" a period of time using "zai... nei" 在 + Time + 内 HSK5
Expressing "would rather" with "ningke" 宁可⋯⋯,也⋯⋯ HSK5

Either… or

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Providing two options with double "huozhe" 或者⋯⋯,或者⋯⋯ HSK5

Let alone

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Expressing "let alone" with "bie shuo" 别说⋯⋯,就是⋯⋯ HSK5
Expressing "let alone" with "geng buyong shuo" ⋯⋯,更不用说⋯⋯ HSK5

Not only… but also…

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Many types of "not only... but also..." 不但 / 不只 / 不仅⋯⋯,而且 / 还 / 也 ⋯⋯ HSK4

Comparisons of Similar Grammar Points

What's the difference between this grammar point and that grammar point? Check here.

Adverbs

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Comparing "benlai" and "yuanlai" 本来 vs 原来 HSK4
Comparing "cai" and "jiu" 才 vs 就 HSK3
Comparing "changchang" and "wangwang" 常常 vs. 往往 HSK4
Comparing "zai" and "you" 再 vs 又 HSK3

Auxiliary Words

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Comparing "zongsuan" and “zhongyu" 总算 vs 终于 HSK5

Conjunctions

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Comparing "gen" and "dui" 跟 vs 对 HSK5

Prepositions

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Comparing "chao" "xiang" and "wang" 朝 vs 向 vs 往 HSK5
Comparing "dui" and "duiyu" 对 vs. 对于 HSK5
Comparing "duiyu" and "zhiyu" 关于 vs 对于 vs 至于 HSK5
Comparing "gei" and "wei" 给 vs. 为 HSK5
Comparing "guanyu" and "duiyu" 关于 vs 对于 HSK4

Separate Functions

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Comparing "shihe" and "heshi" 适合 vs 合适 HSK4

Time Words

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Comparing "pingshi" and "pingchang" 平时 vs. 平常 HSK5
Comparing "yihou" and "zhihou" 以后 vs. 之后 HSK5
Comparing "yihou" "ranhou" "houlai" 以后 vs. 然后 vs. 后来 HSK3

Verbs

Grammar Point (English) Pattern HSK Level
Comparing "kanqilai" and "kanlai" 看起来 vs. 看来 HSK5
Comparing "xiande" and "kanqilai" 显得 vs 看起来 HSK5